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Rhode Island Earth Symbols

Rhode Earth Symbolsbowenite (left) and Cumberlandite. (Cumberlandite by Didier Descouens – Own work — CC BY-SA 4.0, link.)

Rhode Island is the only state in New England besides New Hampshire without a state fossil. However, it has a state mineral (bowenite) and rock (cumberlandite).

First discovered by geologist George Bowen in the early 1800s, Bowenite is found in northern Rhode Island. It was originally described from Dexter Lime Quarry at Lime Rock (Lincoln), Rhode Island.

Closely related to jade, Bowenite can be considered a semi-precious gemstone.

During the Revolutionary War, cannons were made from cumberlandite, which is often mistaken for meteorites. It is found only in a four-acre site in Cumberland.

Soil ˆ

Rhode Island’s unofficial state soil is Narragansett. The Narragansett soil series are loamy soils that formed glacial till. The versatile soils are considered prime farmland soils when they are free of stones and boulders and are level to gently sloping.

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