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Pennsylvania Earth Symbols

Pennsylvania State MineralAnthracite coal and quartz.

If asked what Pennsylvania’s state rock is, most people would probably reply “coal?”

In fact, Pennsylvania is one of the few states that don’t have an official mineral, gem, rock or stone. However, quartz, celestine, and wavellite apparently all have fans.

In 2018, a bill was introduced to name amethyst—a purple variety of quartz—the state gemstone. The crown worn by Miss Pennsylvania features a big amethyst gem shaped like a keystone.

Pennsylvania State Gem

Fossil ˆ

Pennsylvania State Fossil(By Didier Descouens – Own work — CC BY-SA 4.0, link.)

Pennsylvania’s state fossil is a trilobite with the scientific name Phacops rana. Though not one of the oldest trilobites, it still lived long before the first dinosaurs appeared.

Soil ˆ

Pennsylvania’s unofficial state soil is Hazelton. Occurring in most of Pennsylvania’s counties, the versatile soil is used for forestry, agriculture, mining, and infrastructure support.

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