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New York Earth Symbols

New York Earth SymbolsWine-red garnet (left) and Herkimer diamond.

New York has just two official earth symbols.

The wine-red garnet is the official gem. Barton mines in the Adirondack Mountains is the world’s largest garnet mine.

There have been attempts to designate the Herkimer diamond the official mineral. “Herkimer diamond” is a nickname for a spectacular variety of quartz from the Mohawk Valley, in Herkimer County and surrounding areas.

Fossil ˆ

New York State Fossil((Left): By Eduard Solà Vázquez, CC BY-SA 3.0link. (Right): By Obsidian Soul; Background: Dimitris Siskopoulos from Alexandroupolis, Greece – Own work, CC BY 2.0link.)

Herkimer diamonds were formed over 400 million years ago. They may be roughly the same age as New York’s state fossil, the sea scorpion. More precisely, New Yorkers adopted a sea scorpion with the scientific name Eurypterus remipes.

Though eurypterids resembled scorpions, they didn’t have stingers. Moreover, scorpions are land animals, while eurypterids were marine creatures.

Soil ˆ

New York’s unofficial state soil is called Honeoye.

Formed in sediments deposited by Ice Age glaciers, the Honeoye series consists of very deep, well-drained soils till plains, hills, and drumlins.

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