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Maine Earth Symbols

Maine Earth SymbolsLeft: tourmaline; Right: Ferns are among the seedless plants that survive today.

Tourmaline was chosen to serve as Maine’s official gemstone.

Tourmaline comes in a wide variety of colors and ranges from opaque to transparent. Maine’s best tourmaline rivals tourmaline from world-famous locations in California, Brazil, and the Himalayas.

Fossil ˆ

Maine’s state fossil is Pertica quadrifaria. If you’ve never heard of it, don’t feel bad. It lived about 400 million years ago, 150 million years before the first dinosaurs evolved. At that time, plants didn’t have leaves or produce seeds.

Today, Pertica exists only as a fossil. Several states have adopted petrified wood as a symbol. However, the only other states that adopted specific plant species as state fossils are Oregon and Arizona.

Soil ˆ

Maine’s official state soil is called Chesuncook. A productive forest soil, it was formed in dense glacial till derived mainly from slate and is made up of deep, well-drained soils from hills, mountains, and ridges.

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