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Help Request

This is a long question, so I posted it on my website . . . Now that I have page ID's, I would like to use them to help me manage my site. I think the simplest way to do that is to create a PHP switch. However, I don't know how to do that in WordPress....

Home

Follow the links above, or take a look at the site map . Follow the links above, or take a look at the site map . Follow the links above, or take a look at the site map . The popular GeoSymbols is back, now backed up by a potent state symbols...
About Geobop Symbols

About Geobop Symbols

Welcome to my world symbols site, launched on April 17, 2022. A subdomain of Geobop.com , it replaces GeoSymbols, which was long the most popular state symbols site on the Internet. More than three decades in the making, I plan to publish five state...

Site Map

There are over 1,000 pages to explore on this site, though many not associated with the U.S., Canada, or Japan aren’t yet finished. The U.S. state symbols section was nearly finished on April 22, 2024. I will now continue working on other portions of t...

Books: U.S./State Symbols Series

December 2, 2023: Three of the five books in this series are now available as digital books (epubs). Unfortunately, they have far too many color pictures to be published as paperbacks. Click a link to learn more: U.S. Symbols ($25) | My State Symbols...

U.S. Symbols

Kindle version* Apple version * * Currently available only as an e-book for $25. The Kindle version is in the KFX format. The Apple version was created on a Mac and is viewable in Apple Books. It is probably compatible with most other...

Geobop’s State Symbols

Top 10 Features | Pricing and Availability For decades, the only state symbols reference of note was State Names, Flags, Seals, Songs, Birds, Flowers and Other Symbols by George Earlie Shankle. It’s an awesome reference, but it has some huge s...

My State Symbols Book

Kindle version * Apple version * * Currently available only as an e-book for $74.99. Like so many books sold on Amazon, the Kindle version is somewhat flawed. Kindle apparently has a hard time understanding CSS, and some images don't...

Flag Quest

Kindle version* Apple version * * Currently available only as an e-book for $25. The Kindle version is in the KFX format. The Apple version was created on a Mac and is viewable in Apple Books. It is probably compatible with most other...

Store

Books aren’t the only thing I sell. The ultimate state symbols adventure. In fact, I’m planning the biggest state symbols store on the internet. It will feature clothing, mugs, and other items decorated with both existing state symbols and pro...

Contact

You can contact me here . Thank you.

Symbols

Names & Nicknames | Symbols of State | EcoSymbols | Cultural Symbols | Misc. Symbols This is not your usual state symbols site. For starters, it also embraces national symbols, along with symbols of Canada’s provinces, Japan’s pre...

Names and Nicknames

Canada | U.S. State Nicknames Names aren’t really one of my primary focuses, but I have done some research on nicknames and slogans associated with the 50 U.S. states. Canada ˆ List of Provincial Nicknames Province ...

Symbols of State

Flags | Emblems (Coats of Arms, Seals, etc.) | Mottoes | Songs What symbols do virtually all countries, along with most states and provinces, have? What’s the first kind of symbol you think of? For me, the answer is “flag!” Most ...

Flags

Europe Asia Africa Middle East North America Caribbean South America Latin America Pacific Ocean Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean ...

European Flags

Åland Islands Faroe Islands Liechtenstein Russia Albania Finland Lithuania San Marino Andorra France Luxembourg Serbia Austria ...

Asian Flags

Afghanistan Hong Kong Mongolia Taiwan Armenia India Burma Tajikistan Azerbaijan Indonesia Nepal Thailand Bangladesh Iran...

Japanese Prefectural Flags

Aichi Hyōgo Miyazaki Shimane Akita Ibaraki Nagano Shizuoka Aomori Ishikawa Nagasaki Tochigi ...

Malaysian Flags

Johor Labuan Penang Sabah Kedah Malacca Perak Sarawak Kelantan Negeri Sembilan Perlis Selangor Kuala Lumpur Pahang ...

African Flags

Algeria Egypt Liberia Sierra Leone Angola Equatorial Guinea Libya Somalia Benin Eritrea Malawi South Africa Botswana Eswatini...

Middle East Flags

Bahrain Cyprus Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Palestine Qatar Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Syria Turkey United...

North American Flags

Belize El Salvador Honduras Panama Canada Greenland Mexico Saint Pierre and Miquelon Costa Rica Guatemala Nicaragua United States ...

Canadian Provincial Flags

Alberta | British Columbia | Manitoba | New Brunswick | Newfoundland and Labrador | Northwest Territories | Nova Scotia | Nunavut | Ontario | Prince Edward Island | Quebec | Saskatchewan | Yukon Alberta ˆ British Columbia ...

Mexican State Flags

Aguascalientes Distrito Federal Morelos Sinaloa Baja California Durango Nayarit Sonora Baja California Sur Guanajuato Nuevo León Tabasco ...

U.S. State Flags

Alabama Illinois Montana Rhode Island Alaska Indiana Nebraska South Carolina Arizona Iowa Nevada South Dakota...

South American Flags

Argentina Colombia Guyana Suriname Bolivia Ecuador Paraguay Uruguay Brazil French Guiana Peru Venezuela Chile   ...

Caribbean Flags

Anguilla Dominican Republic Saint Kitts and Nevis Antigua and Barbuda Grenada Saint Lucia Aruba Guadeloupe Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Bahamas...

Latin American Flags

Anguilla Costa Rica Haiti Saint Kitts and Nevis Antigua and Barbuda Cuba Honduras Saint Lucia Argentina Curaçao ...

Pacific Ocean Flags

American Samoa Kiribati Norfolk Island Tokelau Australia Marshall Islands Northern Mariana Islands Tonga Cook Islands Micronesia Palau Tuvalu...

Australian Flags

Australian Capital Territory Queensland Victoria New South Wales South Australia Western Australia Northern Territory Tasmania Australian...

Atlantic Ocean Flags

Bermuda Saint Helena, Ascension Island, Tristan da Cunha Iceland South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands The Malvinas (Falkland Islands) ...

Indian Ocean Flags

British Indian Ocean Territory Madagascar Mayotte Christmas Island Maldives Réunion Cocos (Keeling) Islands Mauritius Seychelles Comoros ...

Emblems

North America | Caribbean | South America | Latin America | Europe | Asia | Africa | Middle East | Oceania | Atlantic Ocean | Indian Ocean Subnational: | Canada | Japan | Malaysia | Mexico | U.S. states (seals) | U.S. states (arms)...

Coat of Arms

This page has been moved to Emblems .

European Arms, Seals, etc.

Åland Islands Faroe Islands Liechtenstein Russia Albania Finland Lithuania San Marino Andorra France Luxembourg Serbia Austria ...

Asian Arms, Seals, etc.

Afghanistan Hong Kong Mongolia Taiwan Armenia India Burma Tajikistan Azerbaijan Indonesia Nepal Thailand Bangladesh Iran...

Japanese Prefectural Emblems

Aichi Hyōgo Miyazaki Shimane Akita Ibaraki Nagano Shizuoka Aomori Ishikawa Nagasaki Tochigi ...

Malaysian Emblems

Johor Labuan Penang Sabah Kedah Malacca Perak Sarawak Kelantan Negeri Sembilan Perlis Selangor Kuala Lumpur Pahang ...

African Arms, Seals, etc.

Algeria Egypt Liberia Sierra Leone Angola Equatorial Guinea Libya Somalia Benin Eritrea Malawi South Africa Botswana Eswatini...

Middle East Emblems

Bahrain Cyprus Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Palestine Qatar Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Syria Turkey United...

North American Emblems

Belize El Salvador Honduras Panama Canada Greenland Mexico Saint Pierre and Miquelon Costa Rica Guatemala Nicaragua United States ...

Canadian Provincial Arms

Alberta | British Columbia | Manitoba | New Brunswick | Newfoundland and Labrador | Northwest Territories | Nova Scotia | Nunavut | Ontario | Prince Edward Island | Quebec | Saskatchewan | Yukon Alberta ˆ (By Echando una mano ...

Mexican States Coats of Arms

Aguascalientes Distrito Federal Morelos Sinaloa Baja California Durango Nayarit Sonora Baja California Sur Guanajuato Nuevo León Tabasco ...

U.S. State Seals

Alabama Illinois Montana Rhode Island Alaska Indiana Nebraska South Carolina Arizona Iowa Nevada South Dakota...

U.S. Coats of Arms

Alabama | Connecticut | Delaware | Hawaii | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Mississippi | Missouri | New Jersey | New York | North Dakota | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | Texas | Vermont | Wisconsin Alabama ˆ ...

South American Arms, Seals, etc.

Argentina Colombia Guyana Suriname Bolivia Ecuador Paraguay Uruguay Brazil French Guiana Peru Venezuela Chile   ...

Caribbean Arms, Seals, etc.

Anguilla Dominican Republic Saint Kitts and Nevis Antigua and Barbuda Grenada Saint Lucia Aruba Guadeloupe Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Bahamas...

Latin American Arms, Seals, etc.

Anguilla Costa Rica Haiti Saint Kitts and Nevis Antigua and Barbuda Cuba Honduras Saint Lucia Argentina Curaçao ...

Pacific Ocean Emblems

American Samoa Kiribati Norfolk Island Tokelau Australia Marshall Islands Northern Mariana Islands Tonga Cook Islands Micronesia Palau Tuvalu...

Australian Coats of Arms

Australian Capital Territory Queensland Victoria New South Wales South Australia Western Australia Northern Territory Tasmania Australian...

Atlantic Ocean Arms, Seals, etc.

Bermuda Saint Helena. Ascension Island, Tristan da Cunha Iceland South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands The Malvinas (Falkland Islands) ...

Indian Ocean Arms, Seals, etc.

British Indian Ocean Territory Madagascar Mayotte Christmas Island Maldives Réunion Cocos (Keeling) Islands Mauritius Seychelles Comoros ...

Mottoes

U.S. | Canada They aren’t as familiar as flag, but nearly every country has one. Every U.S. state has one, and some have two. For good measure, they are often depicted on coats of arms, state seals, or even flags. I’m talking about mottoes. Bel...

National & State Songs

U.S. | Canada What would a country be without a flag and a national anthem? Official songs are hardly limited to countries, though. United States ˆ Every state but New Jersey has at least one official song, generally known as the ...

Ecosymbols

Plants | Animals | Other Organisms | Earth Symbols | Other Ecosymbols I coined the term ecosymbol to describe plants, animals, minerals, fossils, and soils adopted as national or state symbols. If you prefer to call them Nature symbols,...

Plant Symbols

Flowers | Trees | Grasses | Fruit | Other Plants Plants rank with animals as the most popular ecosymbols representing countries, states, etc. Plants are often depicted on flags and coats of arms. The color green is often symbolic of...

Flower Symbols

National Flowers | U.S. State Flowers | Canada | Japan | Other Flowers of State Flowers are among the most popular ecosymbols, or symbols of Nature. They are the most popular plant symbols symbols among countries, states, provinces, etc....

Tree Symbols

National Trees | U.S. State Trees | Canada | Japan | Other Trees of State Trees are among the most popular ecosymbols, or symbols of Nature. They rank behind flowers as the second most popular plant symbols symbols among countries, states,...

Grass Symbols

National Grasses | U.S. State Grasses | Canada | Other Grasses of State Grasses aren’t nearly as popular as flowers and trees among national and state symbols. However, they’re probably a lot more popular than you think. Let’s take a bri...

Fruit Symbols

National Fruit | United States | Canada | Other Fruit of State Fruit are popular ecosymbols, or symbols of Nature. Cornucopias, or horns of plenty, are depicted on a number coats of arms and seals. A few countries have official fruit. Note...

Other Plant Symbols

National Plants | United States | Other Plants of State Flowers are among the most popular ecosymbols, or symbols of Nature. They are the most popular plant symbols symbols among countries, states, provinces, etc. Let’s take a brief tour o...

Animal Symbols

Birds | Mammals | Reptiles & Amphibians | Fish | Insects | Aquatic Invertebrates | Other Symbolic Animals Animals rank with plants as the most popular ecosymbols representing countries, states, etc. The most popular animal symbols...

Bird Symbols

National Birds | U.S. State Birds | Canada | Japan | Other Birds of State Birds are among the most popular ecosymbols, or symbols of Nature. They rank with mammals as the most popular animal symbols. Let’s take a brief tour of birds of s...

Mammal Symbols

National Mammals | U.S. State Mammals | Canada | Japan | Other Mammals of State Mammals are among the most popular ecosymbols, or symbols of Nature. They rank with birds as the most popular animal symbols symbols among countries, states,...

Reptile & Amphibian Symbols

National Herptiles | U.S. State Herptiles | Other Herptiles of State Herptiles (reptiles and amphibians) aren't nearly as popular as birds and mammals in the world of symbols. Nevertheless, many U.S. states have adopted official herptiles, and...

Reptile Symbols

National Reptiles | U.S. State Reptiles | Other Reptiles of State In the race for national animal, birds and mammals are way ahead, but don’t write off reptiles. Reptiles are surprisingly popular as symbols of the 50 U.S. states, and there a...

Amphibian Symbols

National Amphibians | U.S. State Amphibians | Other Amphibians of State Don’t let their position on the evolutionary scale fool you. Amphibians rank behind fish and even insects in popularity as symbols of the 50 U.S. states. The same is p...

Fish Symbols

National Fishes | U.S. State Fishes | Canada | Japan | Other Fishes of State As national symbols, fishes can’t compete with birds and mammals. However, a few countries have adopted official fishes, and they are very popular among the 50 U...

Insect Symbols

National Insects | U.S. State Insects | Other Insect Symbols Official insects are among the most popular symbols among the 50 U.S. states. Believe ir to not, a few countries have adopted national insects as well. Let’s take a brief tour o...

Aquatic Invertebrate Symbols

National Symbols | United States | Japan | Other Aquatic Invertebrate Symbols Marine invertebrates aren’t nearly as popular as symbols as are birds, mammals, or even insects. Nevertheless, state shells are especially popular among the 50 U...

Other Animal Symbols

Vertebrates and insects are well represented among state symbols. Aquatic invertebrates are also very popular. So, what other animals are waiting to be adopted? So far, two states have adopted spiders. State Species Designation...

Misc. Organisms

Below is a list of organisms adopted as state symbols that don’t fit into any of our more popular categories. (Official shells, or mollusks, and crustaceans are listed under aquatic invertebrates .) State Species Designation ...

Earth Symbols

Minerals | Fossils | Soils The three categories of earth symbols are amazing. Minerals are inorganic, but soils are living things. Fossils are the remains of creatures that lived long ago, in the unimaginably distant past. There is...

Mineral Symbols

National Symbols | United States | Canada | Other Minerals of State As national and state symbols go, minerals are far more obscure than plants and animals. But take a closer look. Let’s take a brief tour of flowers of state. Minerals m...

Fossil Symbols

National Fossils | United States | Canada | Other Fossils of State Fossils have become immensely popular symbols of the 50 U.S. states. Fossil asp represent some of Canada’s provinces and Australa’s states. However, is there such a thing as ...

Soil Symbols

United States | Canada National tributes to soil are rare but much appreciated. I will add information about national soil symbols later. United States ˆ Every state has selected a symbolic soil, though not all have been officially adopted. ...

Misc. Nature Symbols

National Ecosymbols ˆ Many countries have rivers, mountains, and other features that can be regarded as unofficial symbols. Brazil is popularly associated with the Amazon River, for example. U.S. State Ecosymbols ˆ Several states h...

Cultural Symbols

Local Culture The Arts Politix Canada | United States My classification scheme divides national / state symbols into four broad categories—names and nicknames, symbols o...

Local Culture

Symbolic Colors | Clothing Symbols | Food & Drink Symbols | Dance Symbols | Sports Symbols | Transportation Symbols | Symbolic People | Historical Symbols | Official Museums

Symbolic Colors

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

Clothing Symbols

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report . List of Canadian Provincial Tartans Province Alberta...

Food & Drink Symbols

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

Dance Symbols

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

Sports Symbols

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

Transportation Symbols

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

Symbolic People

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

Historical Symbols

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

Official Museums

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

Symbols of the Arts

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

Music Symbols

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

Political Symbols

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

Miscellaneous Symbols

Numismatics | U.S. Commemorative Quarters | Stamps | License Plates

Numismatics

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

U.S. Commemorative Quarters

Alabama Illinois Montana Rhode Island Alaska Indiana Nebraska South Carolina Arizona Iowa Nevada South Dakota...

Stamps

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

License Plates

Sorry, this page is under construction. This site will be under heavy construction for some time. I will keep you posted on my progress at Progress Report .

World

Click the links below to visit a continent or country. There are also pages for each of the states, provinces, or prefectures of Canada, the U.S., Mexico, Australia, Japan, and Malaysia. Europe Asia Africa Middle...

European Symbols

Flags | Emblems Åland Islands Faroe Islands Liechtenstein Russia Albania Finland Lithuania San Marino Andorra France Luxembourg Serbia ...

Asian Symbols

Flags | Emblems Afghanistan Hong Kong Mongolia Taiwan Armenia India Myanmar Tajikistan Azerbaijan Indonesia Nepal Thailand ...

Japanese Symbols

Welcome to Japan! The table below should be accurate up to and including the national stone (jadeite). However, the remaining symbols were gleaned from Wikipedia, which is all over the map when it comes to symbols. For example, Wikipedia mistakenly...

Aichi Symbols

Welcome to Aichi! EcoSymbols Flower rabbit ear iris (Iris laevigata ) 1954 Tree Japanese red maple (Acer pycnanthum ) 1966 Bird Japanese scops owl (Otus scops japonicus ) 1965 Crustacean Kuruma...

Akita Symbols

Welcome to Akita! EcoSymbols Flower butterbur (Petasites japonicus variegatus ) 1954 Tree Japanese red cedar (Akita cedar) (Cryptomeria japonica ) 1974 Bird copper pheasant (Syrmaticus soemmerringii )...

Aomori Symbols

Welcome to Aomori! EcoSymbols Flower apple (Malus domestica ) Tree hiba arborvitae (Thujopsis dolabrata ) Bird Bewick’s swan (Cygnus bewickii ) Fish Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus )...

Chiba Symbols

Welcome to Chiba! EcoSymbols Flower rape (Brassica rapa var. amplexicaulis ) Tree yew podocarpus, longleaf podocarpus (Podocarpus macrophyllus ) 1966 Bird meadow bunting, long tailed bunting (Emberiza...

Ehime Symbols

Welcome to Ehime! EcoSymbols Flower Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu ) Tree pine (Pinus ) Bird Japanese robin (Erithacus akahige ) Mammal river otter (Lutra lutra ) Fish seabream...

Fukui Symbols

Welcome to Fukui! EcoSymbols Flower cream narcissus (Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis ) Tree pine (Pinus ) Bird dusky thrush (Turdus naumanni ) Crustacean Echizen crab (snow crab) (Chionoecetes...

Fukuoka Symbols

Welcome to Fukuoka! EcoSymbols Flower Japanese apricot (Prunus mume ) Tree azalea (Rhododendron tsutsui ) Bird bush warbler (Cettia diphone )

Fukushima Symbols

Welcome to Fukushima! EcoSymbols Flower Japanese rhododendron (Rhododendron japonicum ) Tree Japanese zelkova (Zelkova serrata ) Bird Narcissus flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina )

Gifu Symbols

Welcome to Gifu! EcoSymbols Flower Chinese milk vetch (Astragalus sinicus ) Tree Japanese yew (Taxus cuspidata ) 1966 Bird rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta ) Fish ayu, sweet fish (Plecoglossus...

Gunma Symbols

Welcome to Gunma! EcoSymbols Flower Japanese rhododendron (Rhododendron japonicum ) Tree Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii ) Bird copper pheasant (Syrmaticus soemmerringii ) Fish ayu,...

Hiroshima Symbols

Welcome to Hiroshima! EcoSymbols Flower Japanese maple (Acer palmatum ) Tree Japanese maple (Acer palmatum ) Bird red throated loon (Gavia stellata )

Hokkaido Symbols

Welcome to Hokkaido! EcoSymbols Flower rugosa rose (Rosa rugosa ) Tree Yeddo spruce (Picea jezoensis ) Bird Japanese crane (Grus japonensis )

Hyogo Symbols

Welcome to Hyogo! EcoSymbols Flower chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum japanense ) Tree camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora ) Bird white stork, Japanese stork (Ciconia ciconia )

Ibaraki Symbols

EcoSymbols Flower rose (Rosa ) Tree Japanese apricot (Prunus mume ) 1966 Bird Eurasian skylark (Alauda arvensis ) 1965 Fish flatfish (species? )

Ishikawa Symbols

Welcome to Ishikawa! EcoSymbols Flower Kamchatka fritillary (Fritillaria camschatcensis ) Tree hiba arborvitae (Thujopsis dolabrata ) Bird golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos )

Iwate Symbols

Welcome to Iwate! EcoSymbols Flower royal paulownia (Paulownia tomentosa ) Tree Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora ) Bird green pheasant (Phasianus colchichus ) Fish cherry salmon (Oncorhynchus...

Kagawa Symbols

Welcome to Kagawa! EcoSymbols Flower olive (Olea europaea ) 1955 Tree olive (Olea europaea ) 1966 Bird lesser cuckoo, Oriental cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus ) Fish Japanese amberjack, yellowtail...

Kagoshima Symbols

Welcome to Kagoshima! EcoSymbols Flower Kyushu azalea (Rhododendron kiusianum ) Tree camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora ) Flowering Tree crybaby tree, coral tree (Erythrina crista galli ) Bird...

Kanagawa Symbols

Welcome to Kanagawa! EcoSymbols Flower golden rayed lily (Lilium auratum ) Tree ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ) Bird common gull (Larus canus )

Kochi Symbols

Welcome to Kochi! EcoSymbols Flower Chinese bayberry (Myrica rubra ) Tree Japanese red cedar (Yanase cedar) (Cryptomeria japonica ) Bird fairy pitta (Pitta nympha )

Kumamoto Symbols

Welcome to Kumamoto! EcoSymbols Flower gentian (Gentiana ) 1953 Tree camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora ) 1966 Bird Eurasian skylark (Alauda arvensis ) 1966 Crustacean prawn (Palinuridae ) 1989...

Kyoto Symbols

Welcome to Kyoto! EcoSymbols Flower fringed pink (Dianthus superbus ) Tree Japanese red cedar (Kityama cedar) (Cryptomeria japonica ) Bird streaked shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas ) ...

Mie Symbols

Welcome to Mie! EcoSymbols Flower Russian iris (Iris ensata ) Tree Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica ) Bird snowy plover, white plover (Charadrius alexandrinus )

Miyagi Symbols

Welcome to Miyagi! EcoSymbols Flower Miyagi bush clover (Lespedeza thunbergii ) Tree Japanese zelkova (Zelkova serrata ) 1966 Bird (white fronted?) goose (Anser albifrons ) 1965 Mammal sika...

Miyazaki Symbols

Welcome to Miyazaki! EcoSymbols Flower spider lily (Crinum asiaticum var. japonicum ) Tree Canary Island date palm (Phoenix canariensis ) Bird Ijima copper pheasant (Syrmaticus soemmerringii ijimae )...

Nagano Symbols

Welcome to Nagano! EcoSymbols Flower rough gentian (Gentiana ) Tree paper birch (Betula papyrifera ) Bird rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta ) 1961 Mammal Japanese serow (Naemorhedus crispus ) ...

Nagasaki Symbols

Welcome to Nagasaki! EcoSymbols Flower wild thyme azalea (Rhododendron serpyllifolium ) Tree Japanese false cypress, Sawara cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera ) Bird mandarin duck (Aix galericulata ) ...

Nara Symbols

Welcome to Nara! EcoSymbols Flower Nara yae zakura (Prunus leveilleana ) Tree Japanese red cedar (Cryptomeria japonica ) Bird Japanese robin (Erithacus akahige )

Niigata Symbols

Welcome to Niigata! EcoSymbols Flower Didier’s tulip (Tulipa gesneriana ) Tree snow camellia (Camellia rusticana ) Bird crested ibis (Nipponia nippon ) 1965

Oita Symbols

Welcome to Oita! EcoSymbols Flower Japanese apricot (Prunus mume ) Tree Japanese apricot (Prunus mume ) Bird Japanese white eye (Zosterops japonicus )

Okayama Symbols

Welcome to Okayama! EcoSymbols Flower peach (Prunus persica ) Tree Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora ) Bird lesser cuckoo, Oriental cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus )

Okinawa Symbols

Welcome to Okinawa! EcoSymbols Flower royal paulownia (Paulownia tomentosa ) Tree Ryukyu pine (Pinus luchuensis ) Bird Okinawa woodpecker (Sapheopipo noguchii ) Fish double lined fusilier...

Osaka Symbols

Welcome to Osaka! EcoSymbols Flower common rush (Juncus effusus ) Tree ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ) 1966 Bird bull headed shrike (Lanius bucephalus )

Saga Symbols

Welcome to Saga! EcoSymbols Flower camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora ) Tree camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora ) Bird Eurasian magpie (Pica pica )

Saitama Symbols

Welcome to Saitama! EcoSymbols Flower a Japanese woodland primula (Primula japonica ) Tree Japanese zelkova (Zelkova serrata ) Bird Eurasian collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto ) Fish Amur...

Shiga Symbols

Welcome to Shiga! EcoSymbols Flower Japanese rhododendron (Rhododendron japonicum ) Tree Japanese maple (Acer palmatum ) Bird little grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis )

Shimane Symbols

Welcome to Shimane! EcoSymbols Flower tree peony (Paeonia suffruticosa ) Tree Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii ) Bird whooper swan (Cygnus cygnus )

Shizuoka Symbols

Welcome to Shizuoka! EcoSymbols Flower azalea (Rhododendron ) Tree sweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans var. aurantiacus ) Bird Asian paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrocaudata )

Tochigi Symbols

Welcome to Tochigi! EcoSymbols Flower Yashio tsutsuji (Rhododendron albrechtii ) Tree Japanese horse chestnut (Aesculus turbinata ) Bird blue and white flycatcher (Cyanoptila cyanomelana ) Mammal...

Tokushima Symbols

Welcome to Tokushima! EcoSymbols Flower sudachi (Citrus sudachi ) Tree Chinese bayberry (Myrica rubra ) Bird great white egret, white heron (Ardea alba ) 1966

Tokyo Symbols

Welcome to Tokyo! EcoSymbols Flower Yoshino cherry (Prunus ) Tree ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba ) Bird black headed gull (Larus ridibundus )

Tottori Symbols

Welcome to Tottori! EcoSymbols Flower twentieth century pear (Pyrus pyrifolia ) 1954 Tree Japanese yew (Taxus cuspidata ) 1966 Bird mandarin duck (Aix galericulata ) 1964 Fish flatfish (species?...

Toyama Symbols

Welcome to Toyama! EcoSymbols Flower tulip (Tulipa ) Tree Japanese red cedar (Tateyama cedar) (Cryptomeria japonica ) 1966 Bird rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta ) Mammal Japanese serow (Naemorhedus...

Wakayama Symbols

Welcome to Wakayama! EcoSymbols Flower Japanese apricot (Prunus mume ) Tree Ubame oak (Quercus phillyreoides ) Bird Japanese white eye (Zosterops japonicus ) Fish tuna (Scombridae) ...

Yamagata Symbols

Welcome to Yamagata! EcoSymbols Flower safflower (Carthamus tinctorius ) Tree cherry (Prunus ) Bird mandarin duck (Aix galericulata )

Yamaguchi Symbols

Welcome to Yamaguchi! EcoSymbols Flower bitter summer mandarin (Citrus natsudaidai ) Tree Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora ) Bird hooded, white headed or Nabe crane (Grus monacha ) Mammal...

Yamanashi Symbols

Welcome to Yamanashi! EcoSymbols Flower Fuji zakura (Prunus incisa ) Tree Japanese maple (Acer palmatum ) Bird bush warbler (Cettia diphone )

Malaysia Symbols

Johor Labuan Penang Sabah Kedah Malacca Perak Sarawak Kelantan Negeri Sembilan Perlis Selangor Kuala Lumpur Pahang ...

African Symbols

Flags | Emblems Algeria Egypt Liberia Sierra Leone Angola Equatorial Guinea Libya Somalia Benin Eritrea Malawi South Africa ...

Middle East Symbols

Flags | Emblems Bahrain Cyprus Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Oman Palestine Qatar Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Syria ...

North American Symbols

Flags | Emblems Belize El Salvador Honduras Panama Canada Greenland Mexico Saint Pierre and Miquelon Costa Rica Guatemala Nicaragua United...

Canadian Symbols

Symbols of State | Flower and Bird | Mammals | Cultural Symbols | The Last Laugh Woe, Canada! At first glance, your symbols seem to confirm many Americans’ worst fears—you’re a backwater land of forests and tundra where people spend their...

Alberta Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to Alberta! Nicknames The Sunshine Province, The Energy Province, The Princess Province Symbols of State Flag 1968 Coat of Arms 1980 Provincial...

British Columbia Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to British Columbia! Nicknames   The Pacific Province Symbols of State Motto Splendor Sine Occasu EcoSymbols Flower Pacific dogwood...

Manitoba Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to Manitoba! Nicknames   The Keystone Province Symbols of State Motto Gloriosus et Liber EcoSymbols Flower prairie crocus (pasque)...

New Brunswick Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to New Brunswick! Nicknames   The Picture Province, The Loyalist Province Symbols of State Motto Spem Reduxit EcoSymbols Flower...

Newfoundland and Labrador Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to Newfoundland! Nicknames   The Rock Symbols of State Motto Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei Anthem Ode to Newfoundland EcoSymbols ...

Northwest Territories Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to Northwest Territories! Nicknames   North of Sixty, Land of the Polar Bear, Canada’s Last Frontier EcoSymbols Flower mountain avens (Dryas octopetala )...

Nova Scotia Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to Nova Scotia! Nicknames   The Land of Evangeline, Canada’s Ocean Playground Symbols of State Motto Munit Haec et Altera Vincit Song Farewell t...

Nunavut Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to Nunavut! Symbols of State Motto Nunavut Sanginivut EcoSymbols Flower purple saxifrage (Saxifraga oppositifolia ) 2000 Bird rock ptarmigan (Lagopus...

Ontario Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to Ontario! Symbols of State Motto Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet EcoSymbols Flower white trillium (Trillium grandiflorum ) 1937 Tree eastern...

Prince Edward Island Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to Prince Edward Island! Nicknames   The Garden Province, Abegweit, Minegoo, The Island, Spud Island, Million Acre Farm Symbols of State Motto Parva Sub...

Quebec Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to Quebec! Nicknames   La Belle Province Symbols of State Motto Je me souviens EcoSymbols Flower blue flag (Iris versicolor ) 1999...

Saskatchewan Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to Saskatchewan! Nicknames   The Wheat Province Symbols of State Motto Multibus E Gentibus Vires EcoSymbols Flower western red lily...

Yukon Symbols

World > North America > Canada Welcome to Yukon Territory! Nicknames   Land of the Midnight Sun EcoSymbols Flower fireweed (Chamerion angustifolium ) 1957 Tree sub alpine fir (Abies...

Mexico Symbols

Aguascalientes Distrito Federal Morelos Sinaloa Baja California Durango Nayarit Sonora Baja California Sur Guanajuato Nuevo León Tabasco ...

United States Symbols

Are you looking for Symbols of the 50 States ? The word that best describes most of the literature swirling around the United States symbols is probably patriotic . National Motto (original) E Pluribus Unum (“One Out of Many”) ...

U.S. State Symbols

The 50 U.S. states are represented by hundreds of officially designated symbols, along with countless unofficial symbols. (continued below ) Alabama Illinois Montana Rhode Island Alaska Indiana Nebraska South Carolina...

Alabama State Symbols

Welcome to the Land of Dixie ! Or should I call it the Yellowhammer State ? (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans   Nicknames The Heart of Dixie , The Yellowhammer State, Cotton State...

Alabama: Symbols of State

Symbols of State Motto Audemus jura nostra defendere 1939 Song Alabama 1931

Alabama State Flower

Alabama has two official flowers. Its first state flower, the goldenrod, was replaced by the camellia, which is native to Asia. Later, the native oak-leaf hydrangea was designated Alabama’s official wildflower. Camellia (left) and Oak-Leaf Hydrangea ...

Alabama State Tree

Alabama’s state tree is the southern longleaf pine. The longleaf pine/wiregrass ecosystem once covered some 90 million acres. Today only scattered patches occur in the coastal plains, stretching from the Carolinas into Texas.

Alabama State Fruit

Three botanic fruits have been designated official Alabama symbols. The blackberry is the official fruit, the peach the official tree fruit. The pecan was designated the official nut. In 2022, the peanut (Arachis hypogaea ) was named the official state...

Alabama State Bird

Alabama is the only state that calls a woodpecker its state bird. No ordinary woodpecker, the “yellowhammer” is a familiar symbol of the Civil War that in turn inspired one of Alabama’s most popular nicknames. Do Southerners still call the north...

Alabama State Mammal

Alabama has three official state mammals—the black bear, manatee, and racking horse. Some references list it as a “rocking horse,” but the second letter is an a , not an o . Though other states are also represented by black bears or manatees, only ...

Alabama State Reptile and Amphibian

Alabama has two official herptiles. The Alabama red-bellied turtle is the state reptile, while the Red Hills salamander is the official amphibian. (Turtle By Bill Summerour, CC BY-SA 3.0 -- Sources: left | right ; Note: I modified both images,...

Alabama State Fish

Alabama has two official state fishes. The largemouth bass is the official fresh water fish, while the tarpon is the official salt water fish. The largemouth bass rivals the magnolia and mockingbird as one of the most popular symbols in the South. However,...

Alabama State Insect

Alabama has three official insects. The monarch butterfly is the official state insect proper, while the eastern tiger swallowtail was designated the official mascot and butterfly. Far too many states have adopted the introduced honey bee. However,...

Alabama State Shell & Crustacean

Alabama is one of a handful of states with an official crustacean. While neighboring Louisiana adopted the crayfish, Alabama chose the brown shrimp. Alabama’s state shell is Johnstone’s junonia.

Alabama Earth Symbols

Alabama has five official earth symbols, including an official fossil and soil. The beautiful star blue quartz was designated the official gemstone. The official mineral, hematite (red iron ore), is not nearly attractive but is far more valuable. The...

Alabama State Fossil

Alabama’s state fossil is the prehistoric whale Basilosaurus cetoides . Learn more about it under Alabama earth symbols .

Alabama: Cultural Symbols

Cake, whiskey, and horses are among the local attractions celebrated by Alabama’s “cultural symbols.” Dessert Lane cake 2016 Barbecue Championship Demopolis Christmas on the River Cook-off 1991 Spirit Conecuh Ridge Alaba...

Alabama: Symbols of the Arts

Alabama has several official “cultural symbols ,” including at least four that can be classified as symbols of the arts. Historic Theatre Alabama Theatre for the Performing Arts 1993 Outdoor Drama The Miracle Worker 1991 ...

Alabama: Political Symbols

Alabama has several official “cultural symbols ,” including three or four that don’t smell so nice. Bible State Bible 1853 Flag Pledge 2001 Creed Alabama’s Creed 1953 Language English 1990 ...

Alaska State Symbols

Welcome to Alaska, America’s Last Frontier ! Or do you prefer the nickname Land of the Midnight Sun ? If any state merits exciting state symbols this is it. (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans ...

Alaska: Symbols of State

Motto North to the Future 1967 Song Alaska’s Flag 1955

Alaska State Flower

The boy who designed Alaska’s beautiful state flag said the blue field represents the sky and the forget-me-not. That’s what you call an unforgettable state flower.

Alaska State Tree

Alaska’s state tree is the majestic Sitka spruce, a familiar component of the Pacific Northwest coastal rainforest.

Alaska State Bird

Alaska’s willow ptarmigan is the only state bird that turns white in winter. It probably lives farther north than any other state bird as well. The ptarmigan also serves as the official game bird of Newfoundland, Canada. In recent years, some p...

Alaska State Mammal

The white-tailed deer is one of the most popular state symbols. However, Alaska adopted the biggest member of the deer family, the moose. Commonly hunted for food, moose are associated with forests and wetlands. The treeless tundra is the domain of...

Alaska State Fish

Alaska boasts one of the mightiest state fishes, the king salmon (aka Chinook salmon). The red, or sockeye, salmon is more important commercially, but the king salmon is the biggest member of the tribe. The king salmon also represents Oregon. ...

Alaska State Insect

(By Charlesjsharp - Own work, from Sharp Photography, sharpphotography, CC BY-SA 4.0 -- link .) Alaska’s state insect is the four-spot skimmer dragonfly. Washington State is also represented by a dragonfly, while Nevada’s state insect is a damselfly. ...

Alaska Earth Symbols

Gold and jade are Alaska’s state mineral and gem, respectively. Alaska Natives have long carved tools and works of art out of jade. Alaska even has a Jade Mountain. However, Alaska is much more closely associated with gold. The Klondike Gold Rush (...

Alaska State Fossil

Alaska’s state fossil is the woolly mammoth. Learn more about it at Alaska earth symbols .

Alaska: Cultural Symbols

Alaska has a refreshingly modest list of cultural symbols. Cultural Symbols   Sport dog mushing 1972 Language English + 20 2014 ...

Arizona State Symbols

Welcome to Arizona, a state unlike any other state. For starters, it’s the 48th state. Only Alaska and Hawaii are younger. (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans Nicknames The Grand Canyon S...

Arizona: Symbols of State

Motto Ditat Deus 1864 Anthem Arizona March Song 1919

Arizona State Flower

The saguaro is big enough to be Arizona’s state tree. Instead, Arizonans proclaimed the saguaro’s white blossoms the state flower.

Arizona State Tree

The paloverde takes its name from Spanish words meaning “green stick.” Arizona’s state tree is the blue paloverde, which is known for its beautiful yellow blossoms. Blue, green, or yellow, paloverdes are a welcome site in the arid deserts of th...

Arizona State Bird

New Mexico’s roadrunner is probably the most familiar avian symbol of the Southwest. However, Arizona’s cactus wren better complements the Copper State ’s state flower, the blossom of the saguaro. The only other state represented by a wren is So...

Arizona State Mammal

Arizona school children voted for their state mammal, reptile, and amphibian in 1986. The candidates included the Coues white-tailed deer, desert bighorn sheep (Nevada’s state animal), and javelina or peccary. Arizona is one of the few states where t...

Arizona State Reptile & Amphibian

You probably won’t find Arizona’s official amphibian, the Arizona tree frog, on a saguaro. It is more partial to temperate forests and grasslands. The state reptile is the Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake, which occurs in wooded mountain ranges. ...

Arizona State Fish

Arizona’s state fish is the Arizona or Apache trout.

Arizona State Insect

Swallowtails are among the most popular state insects. However, only Arizona is represented by the beautiful two-tailed swallowtail. Its bright colors complement Arizona’s state flag and the blossoms of its state tree.

Arizona Earth Symbols

Forget cactus blossoms and mischievous ringtails. Arizona’s most memorable symbols may be its earth symbols. Earth Symbols Mineral wulfenite 2017 Gem turquoise 1974 Metal copper 2015 Fossil † Arizona pet...

Arizona State Fossil

Arizona’s official fossils are Arizona petrified wood (Araucarioxylon arizonicum ) and the dinosaur Sonorasaurus . Learn more about them at Arizona earth symbols .

Arizona Cultural Symbols

Arizona’s roster of cultural symbols range from cool to tacky. Cultural Symbols   Colors blue and gold 1915 Neckwear bolo tie 1973 ...

Arkansas State Symbols

Welcome to Arkansas, the Natural State . With nearly three dozen state symbols, Arkansas appears to be a pretty average state. But Arkansans can’t seem to make up their minds. Or should we call them Arkansians? How about Arkies? Some residents p...

Arkansas: Symbols of State

Motto Regnat Populus 1907 Anthem Arkansas 1987 Song Arkansas (You Run Deep in Me) 1987 Song Arkansas, Oh Arkansas 1987

Arkansas State Fish

One of Arkansas’ most exciting symbols is the alligator gar, which was named the official “primitive fish” in 2019. The alligator gar is probably the biggest freshwater state fish. Arkansas Home

Arkansas State Flower

Arkansas’ state flower is the apple blossom.

Arkansas State Tree

When it came time to choose a state tree, Arkansans weren’t picky. They simply designated the pine their favorite.

Arkansas State Fruit

(Cynthiana grapes By Don Kasak - Flickr: Chaumette Winery , CC BY 2.0 ) We may call pecans and tomatoes nuts and vegetables, but they’re technically fruits. Covering all their bases, Arkansawyers designated the tomato their official fruit and vegetable. ...

Arkansas State Bird

Arkansas is one of five states that call the mockingbird their state bird. Probably no other symbol more clearly marks Arkansas as a Southern state except its state fish, the alligator gar.

Arkansas State Mammal

Arkansas is one of many states that have designated the white-tailed deer an official state symbol.

Arkansas State Insect

Arkansas’ state insect is the introduced honeybee. More interesting is its official state butterfly, the native Diana fritillary butterfly.

Arkansas Earth Symbols

Quartz (left) and bauxite. Arkansas is well known for its underground treasure, including caves and hot water springs. Earth Symbols Mineral quartz crystal 1967 Gemstone diamond 1967 Rock bauxite 1967 Dinosaur...

Arkansas State Fossil

Arkansas’ official fossil is the dinosaur Arkansaurus fridayi . Learn more about it at Arkansas earth symbols .

Arkansas Cultural Symbols

Arkansas does not have the most exciting cultural symbols. Cultural Symbols   Historic Cooking Vessel Dutch Oven 2001 Beverage milk 1985 ...

California State Symbols

Eureka! We’ve arrived at California, the third biggest state. More people live in California than any other state. California is the home of Disneyland and Hollywood. What stories do its more than 40 state symbols have to tell? (Continued b...

California: Symbols of State

Motto Eureka 1963 Song I Love You, California 1951

California State Flower

What flower could represent California, the Golden State , better than the golden California poppy?

California State Tree

California has two state trees, the coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens ) and giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum ). Redwoods are bigger than any other plants or animals adopted as state symbols, unless you want to consider colonial organisms...

California State Fruit

There’s a widespread rumor, apparently perpetuated by Wikipedia, that the avocado, artichoke, and rice are California’s official state fruit, vegetable, and grain, respectively. As near as I can determine, however, that isn’t true. The governor appar...

California State Bird

What bird would make a better symbol of California than the majestic California condor? Californians cast their vote for the California quail. As official state raptors become more popular, however, it’s a good bet the California condor will o...

California State Mammals

Shortly after gold was discovered, it was decided to steal what is now California from Mexico. The rebels adopted a flag featuring a grizzly bear. The bear can still be seen on California’s flag, even though the last California grizzly was killed i...

California State Reptile & Amphibian

California has two state reptiles. It shares the desert tortoise with neighboring Nevada. However, only California is represented by the leatherback sea turtle, one of the biggest reptiles in the world. Bodie ghost town and California red-legged...

California State Fish

California’s state fish is the beautiful golden trout. The official marine fish is the garibaldi.

California State Insect

California’s state insect is the California dogface butterfly. Its colors complement the Golden State .

California State Lichen and Mushroom

Left to right: banana slug, lace lichen, Pacific golden chanterelle, and abalone. (Lace lichen: By northbaywanderer, CC BY 2.0 -- link .) The Golden State is the only state with an official lichen, the beautiful lace lichen. One of California’s n...

California Earth Symbols

California has an impressive collection of earth symbols. Earth Symbols Mineral & Mineralogic Emblem gold 1965 Gemstone benitoite 1985 Rock & Lithologic Emblem serpentine 1965 Fossil † saber-toothed c...

California State Fossil

California’s state fossils are the saber-toothed cat Smilodon californicus and the dinosaur Augustynolophus morrisi . Learn more about them at California earth symbols .

California Cultural Symbols

California has nearly 20 official cultural symbols. Cultural Symbols   Colors blue and gold 1951 Prehistoric Artifact chipped stone bear 1991...

California Symbols of the Arts

California has several official symbols of the arts. The most redundant is the square dance, which has been adopted by far too many states. Dance West Coast swing dance 1988 Folk Dance ...

California Political Symbols

Not all of Californuia’s symbols are bright and sunny. It has an official military museum as well as an official Vietnam veterans war memorial. Language English 1986 Vietnam Veterans War Memorial ...

California State Grass

California’s state grass is purple needlegrass. Native Americans ate the seeds of this native bunchgrass, which was once one of the region’s dominant grass species. Some references claim that rice (another member of the grass family) is California’s offic...

Colorado State Symbols

Welcome to Colorado, the Centennial State . Colorful Colorado boasts one of the most beautiful state flags and one of the coolest state seals to boot. You might even see a little conspiracy in the latter. (Continued below ) ...

Colorado: Symbols of State

Motto Nil Sine Numine 1861 Song Where the Columbines Grow 1915

Colorado State Flower

Colorado’s spectacular state flower is variously called the Rocky Mountain columbine and Colorado blue columbine.

Colorado State Tree

The blue spruce and bighorn sheep get special treatment in Colorado, where they were adopted under the names “Colorado blue spruce” and “Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep.” (License: Photo on left BY Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service , CC BY 3.0 ...

Colorado State Grass

Colorado shares its state grass, blue grama, with neighboring New Mexico. Ranging from southern Canada into Mexico, it is the dominant grass species in the shortgrass steppe ecoregion, THOUGH IT IS WIDELY ASSOCIATED WITH THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS, MUCH...

Colorado State Cactus

The blossom of the saguaro serves as Arizona’s state flower, but the only states with an official cactus proper are Colorado and Texas. This hardy desert dweller can’t match the saguaro in size, but it is considered one of the most beautiful cac...

Colorado State Bird

While Colorado’s state flower, tree, and mammal commemorate the Rocky Mountains, the lark bunting is at home on the prairies below. But what exactly is a lark bunting—a lark or a bunting? Neither; it’s a sparrow.

Colorado State Mammal

Colorado’s state animal, the bighorn sheep, may be an even better symbol of the Rockies than the state tree and flower, the beautiful blue spruce and blue-and-white columbine. Mountain sheep can travel to high elevations where trees can’t grow. T...

Colorado State Reptile & Amphibian

Some of Colorado’s most colorful symbols are also among its tiniest. They include the state reptile and amphibian, the western painted turtle and western tiger salamander.

Colorado State Fish

Colorado’s state fish is the greenback cutthroat trout, which thrives in rivers born amongst snow-capped mountains.

Colorado State Insect

Colorado’s state insect is the Colorado hairstreak butterfly.

Colorado Earth Symbols

Colorado’s earth symbols are rooted primarily in the Rocky Mountains. Earth Symbols Mineral rhodochrosite 2002 Gemstone aquamarine 1971 Rock Yule marble 2004 Fossil † Stegosaurus 1982 Soil Seitz (un...

Colorado State Fossil

Colorado’s state fossil is the dinosaur Stegosaurus. Learn more about it at Colorado earth symbols .

Colorado Cultural Symbols

Colorado’s cultural symbols focus largely on outdoor sports and getting high in the Rockies. Cultural Symbols   Tartan 1997 Pets rescue dogs and cats ...

Connecticut

Welcome to Connecticut, the Nutmeg State . Connecticut’s symbols offer something old, something new, and a few things that are a little odd. (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans Nicknames Constitution State ...

Connecticut: Symbols of State

Motto Qui Transtulit Sustinet Song Yankee Doodle 1978

Connecticut: Symbols of the Arts

Connecticut has half a dozen official symbols of the arts, some of which are unique designations. Song (second) “Beautiful Connecticut Waltz,” composed by Joseph Leggo of Newington 2013 Polka ...

Connecticut State Flower

Connecticut shares its state flower, the mountain laurel, with Pennsylvania. It also have an official children’s flower, Michaela Petit’s four o’clocks (below).

Connecticut State Tree

Connecticut’s state tree is the Charter Oak, an ancient white oak that fell over 150 years ago, in 1856.

Connecticut State Bird

Connecticut shares its state bird, the robin, with Michigan and Wisconsin. A virtual lawn fixture across America, the robin is one of the most familiar state birds, making it a good choice for urbanized Connecticut.

Connecticut State Mammal

The Revolutionary War wasn’t the only war that shaped early America. A war against the environment began hundreds of years earlier. While the passenger pigeon was hunted to extinction on land, sailors slaughtered the biggest animals that ever lived a...

Connecticut State Fish

Connecticut’s state fish is the American shad. A marine herring that spawns in freshwater, the shad was once scorned as a food item. However, it gained favor during the Revolutionary War, when salmon numbers declined.

Connecticut State Insect

Connecticut’s state insect is the European praying mantis.

Connecticut State Shell

Connecticut’s official state shellfish is the Eastern oyster.

Connecticut Earth Symbols

Connecticut’s official state mineral is the almandine garnet. However, most people would probably consider its state dinosaur more exciting. The dinosaur Dilophosaurus and an almandine garnet, Connecticut’s official state mineral. (Dinosaur: By...

Connecticut State Fossil

Connecticut’s state fossils are dinosaur tracks and the dinosaur Dilophosaurus . Learn more about them at Connecticut earth symbols .

Connecticut Cultural Symbols

Tiny Connecticut has over a dozen cultural symbols, ranging from inspirational to lame to downright weird. Cultural Symbols   Tartan 1995 Hero Nathan...

Connecticut: Political Symbols

If you aren’t a big fan of the U.S. military, then you might not be too impressed with Connecticut’s official state aircraft and ship. The Corsair F4U became a famous fighter plane in World War II and the Korean War. It was manufactured in Con...

Delaware State Symbols

Welcome to Delaware! Whether you call it the First State , Diamond State , or Blue Hen State , Delaware’s symbols prove it is indeed a Small Wonder . (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans Nicknames The First S...

Delaware: Symbols of State

Motto Liberty and Independence Song Our Delaware 1925

Delaware State Flower

Delaware’s state flower is the peach blossom, a reminder that peaches were once an important crop in Delaware. Delaware also calls sweet goldenrod (below) it's official herb.

Delaware State Tree

Delaware’s state tree is the holly, which is famously associated with Christmas wreaths.

Delaware State Fruit

Delaware shares its state fruit, the strawberry, with Louisiana, North Carolina, and Oklahoma.

Delaware State Bird

Delaware’s state bird is the Blue Hen, which gained fame during the Revolutionary War. The only other state with a chicken as state bird is the only state smaller than Delaware, Rhode Island. Ironically, it was the fighting cocks that gave the B...

Delaware State Mammal

Delaware shares its state wildlife animal—the gray fox—with no other state. The golden retriever was designated the official state dog.

Delaware State Fish

Delaware’s shares its state fish, the weakfish, with Louisiana.

Delaware State Insect

Left to right: tiger swallowtail, convergent ladybug and stonefly. (Ladybug: By Katja Schulz from Washington, D. C., USA - Convergent Ladybeetle, CC BY 2.0 , link . Stonefly: By JJ Harrison (jjharrison89@facebook.com) - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 -- link...

Delaware State Shell & Marine Animal

Delaware’s state shell is the channeled whelk. However, the star of the show may be the official marine animal, the horseshoe crab. Horseshoe crabs aren’t true crabs. They’re actually very different. Horseshoe crabs evolved nearly half a billion years...

Delaware Earth Symbols

Belemnites and belemnite fossils (left), clustered around a piece of sillamanite in the lower left corner. (Living belemnites -- By Dmitry Bogdanov - dmitrchel@mail.ru, CC BY-SA 3.0 -- link ; Note: I modified this image.) Delaware shares its state...

Delaware State Fossil

Delaware’s state fossil is the American belemnite (Belemnitella americana ). Learn more about it at Delaware earth symbols .

Delaware Cultural Symbols

Delaware has a handful of official cultural symbols. I’ll pass on the official beverage (milk), but I love peach pie and tall ships. Cultural Symbols   Colors Colonial blue and buff ...

District of Columbia Symbols

Welcome to the District of Columbia! Did you know D.C. had so many symbols? Symbols of State Motto Justia Omnibus > Song Washington 1951 > March Our Nation’s Capital 1961 > EcoSymbols ...

District of Columbia Official Flower

The District of Columbia’s official flower is the rose.

District of Columbia Official Tree

(License: By Famartin - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0 ) The District of Columbia’s official tree is the scarlet oak.

District of Columbia Official Bird

While the bald eagle represents the U.S. in war, interrupted by brief periods of peace, the wood thrush is the official bird of the District of Columbia.

District of Columbia Official Amphipod

Several states have adopted official crustaceans. However, the District of Columbia adopted a horse of another color when it designated the Hay’s Spring amphipod (Stygobromus hayi ) its official amphipod. Amphipods are crustaceans, but they are far s...

District of Columbia Earth Symbols

We don’t know exactly what the District of Columbia’s official dinosaur looked like, but a home made of Potomac bluestone would be a welcome refuge from one. In the background is the famous Lockkeeper's House. Believe it or not, D.C. has an official din...

District of Columbia Official Fossil

The District of Columbia’s state fossil is Capitalsaurus . Learn more about it at District of Columbia earth symbols .

District of Columbia Cultural Symbols

Note: This site will be under heavy construction until at least the end of June, 2022. Right now, the only state that is finished is Alabama . My next goal is to finish the Symbols of State pages for all 50 states, followed by all the state bird pages,...

Florida State Symbols

Welcome to the Sunshine State ! Florida has around 50 state symbols. Even if we ignore some of the more boring symbols (like the state motto and language), that’s still a lot of symbols to learn about. If Florida’s symbols have a central the...

Florida: Symbols of State

Motto In God We Trust 2006 Song Old Folks at Home 2008

Florida State Flower

What could Florida’s state flower be but the orange blossom? Amazingly, the blossoms are white, not orange. Plants of the genus Coreopsis (aka tickseed) were designated Florida’s official state wildflower (below).

Florida State Tree

Florida shares its state tree, the sabal palmetto, with South Carolina. A sabal palm is depicted on both state’s flags.

Florida State Fruit

Everyone knows what Florida’s state fruit is. In fact, Florida has probably made the orange the most famous citrus fruit on the planet. Another popular citrus fruit in the Orange State is lime; the official state food is Key Lime Pie.

Florida State Bird

Florida and Texas were the first states to adopt the mockingbird in 1927. The popular songster ranks with the largemouth bass, alligator, and magnolia as one of the most familiar Southern icons. Over the years, other birds have been proposed for...

Florida State Mammal

Florida has five official mammals. The Alligator State ’s official state animal is the Florida panther. (The alligator was designated the state reptile.) The bottle-nosed dolphin (or “porpoise”) is Florida’s official saltwater mammal. The manatee...

Florida State Reptile

Florida has three official reptiles. The nickname Alligator State points towards the alligator, which is the state reptile. The gopher tortoise and loggerhead sea turtle have also been adopted as state symbols, though there is no state amphibian....

Florida State Fish

Florida’s state fish, the largemouth bass, is one of the most popular symbols in the South. The spectacular sailfish is Florida’s official saltwater fish.

Florida State Insect

The zebra longwing is Florida’s state butterfly.

Florida State Shell

Florida boasts the biggest of all state shells, the horse conch. Like key lime pie, it’s associated with the keys, particularly Key West.

Florida Earth Symbols

Left to right: Eocene heart urchin, moonstone, and dugong. Florida’s state gem and stone are a little confusing. The gem is the moonstone, which was adopted in honor of the landing of American astronauts on the moon. Ironically, the moonstone i...

Florida State Fossil

Florida’s doesn’t have a state fossil, but agatized coral is the official stone. Learn more about it at Florida earth symbols .

Florida Cultural Symbols

Florida has about two dozen official cultural symbols. About a third of them are symbols of the arts , which are explored on another page. Cultural Symbols   Food Key Lime Pie 2006...

Florida Symbols of the Arts

Florida has several official symbols of the arts, most of them revolving around music. Anthem Florida, Where the Sawgrass Meets the Sky 2008 Song I Am Florida 2013 ...

Georgia State Symbols

Welcome to the Peach State ! Georgia has a dozen animal symbols, ranging from the brown thrasher to the mighty right whale . However, they can’t compete with its plant symbols, which include the beautiful Cherokee rose and the lowly peanut ....

Georgia: Symbols of State

Motto Wisdom, Justice, Moderation Song Georgia On My Mind 1979

Georgia State Flower

Georgia has two state flowers. The original state flower is the Cherokee rose. (Despite its name, it is not native to North America.) More recently, the azalea (below) was named the official wildflower.

Georgia State Tree

Even a California redwood might have a hard time matching an ancient live oak’s majestically contorted beauty.

Georgia State Fruit

Georgia will always be the Peach State , but it also boasts a famous peanut monument. No problem; the peach was designated the state fruit, while the peanut was adopted as the official crop. In 2021, the pecan became the state nut. The official...

Georgia State Bird

School children voted for the brown thrasher in 1928. However, it wasn’t formally adopted until 1970, with the bobwhite crowned the official game bird at the same time. The popular bobwhite represents three states, but only Georgia calls the b...

Georgia State Mammal

Georgians adopted two mammals as state symbols, the popular white-tailed deer and the right whale. It shares the latter with Massachusetts and South Carolina. Whalers hunted the right whale to the edge of extinction long ago. Still extremely...

Georgia State Reptile & Amphibian

Georgians named the gopher tortoise and green tree frog their official reptile and amphibian. The gopher tortoise also represents neighboring Florida, while the green tree frog is a symbol of Louisiana.

Georgia State Fish

Left to Right: largemouth bass, brook trout and red drum. Like Maine, Georgia has three state fishes. The largemouth bass rivals the mockingbird as one of the most popular symbols in the South. The brook trout is a popular symbol among Eastern states....

Georgia State Insect

Georgia’s state butterfly, the tiger swallowtail, is a popular Eastern symbol. Its state insect, the honeybee, represents too many states to represent any state. In other words, it’s a nearly meaningless symbol.

Georgia State Shell

The knobbed whelk is Georgia’s official seashell.

Georgia Earth Symbols

Left to right: staurolite, shark tooth, and amethyst quartz. Georgia has an official mineral (staurolite), gem (quartz) and fossil (shark teeth). In a sense, Georgia has four official fishes. Its state fossil is the shark tooth. The most unique...

Georgia State Fossil

Georgia’s state fossil is fossilized shark teeth. Learn more about it at Georgia earth symbols .

Georgia Cultural Symbols

Georgia has more than two dozen official cultural symbols, focusing largely on food, the arts, and militarism. In fact, symbols of the arts and political symbols are explored on separate pages. Cultural Symbols   ...

Georgia Symbols of the Arts

The arts are well represented among Georgia’s symbols. It is the only state with an official ballet (Atlanta Ballet). Ballet Atlanta Ballet 1973 Waltz Our Georgia 1951 ...

Georgia Political Symbols

Not all of Georgia’s symbols are as wholesome as peaches. Four symbols, in particular, range from lame to wretched. Center for Character Education Mighty Eighth Air Force Heritage Museum 2003 ...

Hawaii State Symbols

Welcome to the Aloha State ! When it comes to state symbols, Hawaii may be #1. Why such a small state needs three official mammals is anyone’s guess. However, Hawaii still has less symbols than most states, and they paint a uniquely beautiful p...

Hawaii: Symbols of State

Motto Ua Mau ke Ea o ka Aina i ka Pono 1843 Song Hawai`i Pono`î 1967

Hawaii State Flower

Hawaii’s state flower is a species of hibiscus endemic to Hawaii. More precisely, only a yellow hibiscus is recognized as the state flower.

Hawaii State Tree

Hawaii’s state tree is the kukui. Unlike the state flower, it is not native to Hawaii.

Hawaii State Plant

Hawaii’s official vegetable is kalo (aka taro). It was cultivated by native Hawaiians long before the islands were stolen by the British and Americans.

Hawaii State Bird

The nēnē or Hawaiian goose is the only state bird that is native to just one state. Long toed and reduced webbing are adaptations to living on lava flows. Unfortunately, the nēnē is not so well adapted to warding off the various predators tha...

Hawaii State Mammal

Hawaii’s official mammal is the Hawaiian monk seal, which occurs only in Hawaii. The humpback whale serves as Hawaii’s official marine mammal. It wanders far beyond Hawaii, however. Hawaii’s only native land mammal is the Hawaiian hoary bat, ...

Hawaii State Fish

You might think the Humuhumunukunukuapua`a is a creature that lives only in Hawaii. In fact, Hawaii’s state fish is widespread in the Pacific and Indian oceans. Its more common name, however, is Hawaiian trigger fish.

Hawaii State Insect

Hawaii’s state insect is the Kamehameha butterfly, named for King Kamehameha.

Hawaii State . . . Gem?

Sadly, Hawaiians designated black coral their state gem. Corals are living creatures, not cheap trinkets to be sold to tourists.

Hawaii Earth Symbols

The nickname Youngest State has two meanings. Hawaii didn’t become a state until 1959, making it the newest state. However, the land itself is also younger than any other state. The oldest of the main islands is Kauai, which is about five million y...

Hawaii State Fossil

Hawaii is one of the few states that do not have an official fossil. Learn more about its other earth symbols .

Hawaii Cultural Symbols

Hawaii’s cultural symbols pack a punch. Cultural Symbols   Individual Sport surfing 1998 Team Sport Outrigger Canoe Paddling 1986 ...

Hawaii Symbols of the Arts

Hula! Hawaii’s official state dance is one of its most exciting symbols. Dance hula 1999 Kahiko (Traditional) Musical Instrument pahu 2015 Auana (Modern) Musical I...

Idaho State Symbols

Welcome to the Gem of the Mountains ! Idaho has some exciting symbols, but they get off to a bad start . . . (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans Nicknames The Gem State , Gem of the Mountains, Land of Famous...

Idaho: Symbols of State

Motto Esto Perpetua 1891 Song Here We Have Idaho 1931

Idaho State Tree

Idaho’s state tree is the majestic western white pine.

Idaho State Fruit

How can a lowly potato compete with a huckleberry? In fact, Idaho was famously known for its potatoes (now the official state vegetable) long before the huckleberry became the state fruit. Idaho was reportedly the first state to put a slogan...

Idaho State Bird

Idaho shares its state bird, the mountain bluebird, with Nevada. The eastern bluebird represents Missouri and New York. In 2004, Idaho designated the peregrine falcon the first official state raptor.

Idaho State Mammal

What could be more exciting than a state with two official horses? Idaho’s original state horse is the Appaloosa. This beautiful spotted horse is associated with the Nez Perce Indians. It takes its name from the Palouse grasslands of western Idaho and e...

Idaho State Amphibian

One of Idaho’s least familiar symbols is its state amphibian, the Idaho giant salamander.

Idaho State Fish

Idaho’s state fish is the cutthroat trout, the most popular state fish among the Western states.

Idaho State Insect

Idaho shares its state insect, the monarch butterfly, with several other states.

Idaho Cultural Symbols

Idaho’s trio of cultural symbols can be summed up with one word—boring. Cultural Symbols   Writer-in-Residence (various) 1923 American Folk Dance of Idaho ...

Idaho Earth Symbols

It’s hard to imagine a better ambassador of the Gem of the Mountains. The star garnet was designated Idaho’s official state stone or gem in 1967. With its four-rayed star (occasionally six-rayed), the star garnet is considered more precious than eit...

Idaho State Fossil

Idaho’s official fossils are the Hagerman horse (Equus simplicidens ) and the dinosaur Oryctodromeus cubicularis . Learn more about them at Idaho earth symbols .

Idaho State Flower

Idaho’s state flower is the beautiful syringa, or mock orange. It is depicted on Idaho’s state seal and flag. On the Idaho state flag proposal pictured above, a white star represents the North Star (for a northern state), the nickname Gem of ...

Illinois State Symbols

Welcome to the Prairie State ! Born and raised in West Dakota, I love the prairie. I’ll pass on Illinois’ slogan, “Land of Lincoln .” Did you know Abraham Lincoln was a racist lawyer who presided over the biggest mass execution in American history...

Illinois: Symbols of State

Motto State Sovereignty, National Union Song Illinois 1925 In 1915, various Illinois chapters of the Daughters of the American Revolution organized a contest to design a state flag. A whopping 35 designs were submitted....

Illinois State Flower

While New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin adopted the common blue violet, Illinois calls all violets its state flower. Illinois also has an official wildflower, milkweed (below). It nicely complements its state insect, the monarch butterfly....

Illinois State Tree

(License: By Msact at English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0 ) Illinois shares its state tree, the white oak, with Maryland. Connecticut adopted a specific white oak specimen that gained fame in colonial times, when Illinois was still a virtually unknown...

Illinois State Grass

Nowhere will you find more avid grass fans than Illinois, the Prairie State . Big bluestem is the official grass, while corn, sweet corn, and popcorn are the official grain, vegetable, and snack food, respectively. On the Illinois state flag proposal...

Illinois State Fruit

Though seven states call the apple their official fruit, only Illinois adopted the Gold Rush Apple.

Illinois State Bird

Illinois is the westernmost of the seven states that are represented by the cardinal, which is the most popular state bird.

Illinois State Mammal

Illinois’ official state animal is the white-tailed deer, which represents several states stretching from New England to Oklahoma.

Illinois State Reptile & Amphibian

Illinois’ state reptile and amphibian are the colorful painted turtle and eastern tiger salamander. In 2023, the palette was completed when the eastern milksnake became the state snake.

Illinois State Fish

Illinois’ state fish is the bluegill. One of the smallest state fishes, it is commonly found in lakes and ponds in the Midwest.

Illinois State Insect

(Milkweed: By Laura Hubers / USFWS, CC BY 2.0 -- link .) Illinois’ state insect, the monarch butterfly, complements another state symbol, milkweed.

Illinois State Microbe

Jonas Salk (left) is a reminder that even science can be infiltrated by frauds, and it is perfectly OK to question the safety of medicines and medical procedures, including vaccines. In the meantime, even penicillin can’t cure all the U.S. troops who c...

Illinois Earth Symbols

Fluoride, with Italy’s famous Dolomite Mountains in the background. Illinois’ earth symbols may be as odd as Abraham Lincoln. Fluorite (aka fluorspar) is Illinois’ official mineral. Illinois is the largest producer of fluorite in the United State...

Illinois State Fossil

Illinois’ state fossil is the Tully monster (Tullimonstrum gregarium ). Learn more about it at Illinois earth symbols .

Illinois Cultural Symbols

The square dance and English are two of the most redundant state symbols. Other than that, Illinois’ cultural symbols are surprisingly interesting. Cultural Symbols   Artifact pirogue ...

Indiana State Symbols

Welcome to Indiana, the Crossroads of America ! Indiana is one of just a handful of states that have neither a state mammal nor state fish. Is that lame, or is it a nice switch from the growing number of states with bloated symbols rosters? (Continued...

Indiana: Symbols of State

Motto The Crossroads of America 1937 Song On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away 1913

Indiana State Flower

Indiana’s state flower is the peony, which is native to Eurasia.

Indiana State Tree

(License: Photo on the left By Jean-Pol GRANDMONT - Own work, CC BY 3.0 ) Indiana shares its state tree, the popular tulip tree or tulip polar, with Kentucky and Tennessee.

Indiana State Bird

The cardinal is the most popular state bird, representing seven states. The state symbols superstar was Indiana’s only official animal until it adopted a state insect in 2018.

Indiana State Mammal

Indiana, Iowa, and Minnesota are the only states without an official state mammal.

Indiana State Insect

(By Judy Gallagher - www.flickr.com/photos/52450054@N04/8992601798/ , CC BY 2.0 , link .) Not until 2018 did Indianans adopt a state insect. And what an insect! They chose Say’s firefly.

Indiana Earth Symbols

(Crinoid: By Vassil - Alias Collections, CC BY-SA 3.0 -- link Note: I modified this image, cropping it and applying a gradient to the left side.) Indiana is one of the few states without an official mineral, rock, stone, or gem. Many people...

Indiana State Fossil

Indiana’s state fossil is the American mastodon. Learn more about it at Indiana earth symbols .

Indiana Cultural Symbols

What can one say about Indiana’s cultural symbols? Depending on one’s perspective, they’re super cool, super bad, or just plain weird. Cultural Symbols   Pie sugar cream pie 2009...

Iowa State Symbols

Welcome to the Hawkeye State ! Iowa has fewer official state symbols than any other state. Unlike most states, it has no state mammal, fish, insect, or fossil. Is this a good thing? (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans...

Iowa: Symbols of State

Motto Our liberties we prize, and our rights we will maintain 1847 Song The Song of Iowa 1911

Iowa State Flower

Iowa shares its state flower, the prairie rose or pasture rose, with North Dakota and Alberta.

Iowa State Tree

Iowans love oaks so much, they failed to name a particular species the state tree. They simply declared their state tree to be the “oak.”

Iowa State Bird

Iowa shares its state bird, the eastern goldfinch, with distant New Jersey and Washington. However, Iowa adopted it first, in 1933. Moreover, the goldfinch is Iowa’s only official animal symbol.

Iowa State Mammal

Iowa, Indiana, and Minnesota are the only states without an official state mammal.

Iowa Earth Symbols

(Geode bridge: Jo Naylor, CC BY 2.0 -- link .) The geode was adopted as Iowa’s state rock. A geode is a rock with a hard outer crust but a hollow interior that has been filled with crystals (usually quartz and calcite). Iowa is famous for its b...

Iowa State Fossil

Iowa is one of the few states without a state fossil. Learn more about its earth symbols .

Iowa Cultural Symbols

Iowa has just two official cultural symbols, leaving little margin for error. Unfortunately, Iowans are batting 50/50 at best. Cultural Symbols   Tartan 2004 ...

Kansas State Symbols

Welcome to the Sunflower State ? You can’t wade through Kansas’ numerous nicknames without scratching your head. Are those monikers depressing, scary, or exciting? (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans Nicknames S...

Kansas: Symbols of State

Motto Ad Astra per Aspera Song Home on the Range 1947

Kansas State Flower

Few flowers pack a more powerful punch than Kansas’ sunflower, source of the nickname Sunflower State . A sunflower is displayed on Kansas’ state flag, though the flag is a bit of an embarrassment. However, the sunflower is a common icon on new...

Kansas State Tree

Kansas is one of three states (including Nebraska and Wyoming) that adopted the cottonwood, which rivals the bison and meadowlark as the most popular state symbol in the Great Plains region.

Kansas State Grass

Kansas shares its state grass, little bluestem, with Nebraska.

Kansas State Fruit

One of the newest state fruits is the sandhill plum (aka Chickasaw plum), which was adopted by Kansas in 2022.

Kansas State Bird

Kansas is one of six states that call the western meadowlark their state bird, making it even more popular than the bison and cottonwood as a state symbol. The bobwhite beat the bobwhite in a vote by school children in 1925. The mockingbird’s c...

Kansas State Mammal

The most popular symbols among the Great Plains states are the cottonwood, western meadowlark, and bison. Kansas and Wyoming are the only states that adopted all three. An estimated 20 million bison (aka “buffalo”) once roamed the Great Plains. Man...

Kansas State Reptile & Amphibian

Brown and yellow have been described as Kansas’ unofficial colors. They’re shared by the sunflower and Kansas’ state reptile, the ornate box turtle. (Some have compared the box turtle to the covered wagons that pioneers once traveled in.) Kansas’ state a...

Kansas State Fish

Kansas shares its state fish, the channel catfish, with neighboring Nebraska.

Kansas State Insect

Kansas’ state insect is the introduced honeybee. It’s one of the most boring state symbols, representing far too many states. On the other hand, it boasts Kansas’ unofficial colors, complementing the sunflower. If I was the Wizard of Oz, I’d r...

Kansas Earth Symbols

Galena (left) and jelinite Kansas didn’t have any official mineral or fossil symbols until recently. Now it has several, five of which are de facto fossils. Earth Symbols Mineral galena 2018 Gem jelinite 2018 Rock ...

Kansas State Fossil

Kansas has adopted five fossils as state symbols. Learn about them at Kansas earth symbols .

Kansas Cultural Symbols

Kansas boasts some of my favorite state symbols—if we ignore its cultural symbols. Cultural Symbols   Firefighter’s Museum Fallen Firefighter’s Memorial 2007 ...

Kentucky State Symbols

Welcome to the Bluegrass State ? Kentucky has plenty of state symbols to ponder. However, the ones that really get my attention are the chief nickname, motto, horse, and mineral. (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans ...

Kentucky: Symbols of State

See bigger pictures of all the state flags , seals , or coats of arms . Motto United we stand, divided we fall 1942 Motto Deo gratiam habeamus 2002 Song My Old Kentucky Home 1986

Kentucky State Flower

Kentucky’s state flower is goldenrod. A wreath of goldenrod even graces the state flag.

Kentucky State Tree

Kentucky shares its state tree, the popular tulip tree or tulip polar, with Indiana and Tennessee.

Kentucky State Fruit

Kentucky shares its official fruit, the blackberry, with Alabama.

Kentucky State Bird

The cardinal is the most popular state bird, representing seven states. However, Kentucky was the first to adopt the “Kentucky cardinal,” as it has been called, in 1926. Some Kentuckians might even view the cardinal as a political symbol; a rep...

Kentucky State Mammal

Kentucky has two official state mammals, the gray squirrel and the Thoroughbred. The latter ties in with the state’s bluegrass theme. The Bluegrass Region is known for its rolling hills and highly fertile soil, as well as its horse farms. ...

Kentucky State Fish

Kentucky’s state fish is the Kentucky spotted bass. It is closely related to the largemouth bass (pictured above), which it resembles in appearance.

Kentucky State Insect

The viceroy is remarkable for its striking resemblance to the monarch butterfly, one of the most popular state insects. Kentucky calls the honeybee its official agricultural insect. The official state butterfly is the viceroy.

Kentucky Earth Symbols

The freshwater pearl was named Kentucky’s official gemstone. Coal and the Kentucky agate are the official mineral and rock. The brachiopod is Kentucky’s official state fossil. Though not as exciting as a dinosaur or even a trilobite, it is one...

Kentucky State Fossil

Kentucky has adopted two fossils as state symbols, the brachiopod and coal. Learn more about them at Kentucky earth symbols .

Kentucky Cultural Symbols

With nearly 30 official cultural symbols, Kentucky has a lot to explore. Some of these symbols are discussed on separate pages focusing on symbols of the arts and political symbols . Cultural Symbols   ...

Kentucky Symbols of the Arts

With nearly a dozen symbols of the arts ranging from clogging to a pipe organ, Kentucky has something for just about everyone. Dance clogging 2006 Bluegrass Song Blue Moon of Kentucky...

Kentucky Political Symbols

This page focuses on Kentucky’s three most odious state symbols. Language English 1984 Pledge of Allegiance to State Flag Pledge of Allegiance to the Commonwealth of Kentucky ...

Louisiana State Symbols

Welcome to the Pelican State ! Quick, what’s your favorite Louisiana symbol? The crawfish (the official crustacean)? Gumbo (the official state cuisine)? How about the diatonic accordion ? (Continued below ) Nicknames & S...

Louisiana: Symbols of State

Motto Union, Justice and Confidence Song Song of Louisiana 1932 Song Give Me Lousiana 1970

Louisiana Symbols of the Arts

Louisiana has ten official symbols that we might classify as symbols of the arts. Song You Are My Sunshine 1977 March Song Louisiana My Home Sweet Home 1952 ...

Louisiana State Flower

Louisiana shares its state flower, the magnolia, with neighboring Mississippi. Louisiana also calls the giant blue iris, or Louisiana iris (below), its official wildflower.

Louisiana State Tree

Probably no tree is more at home in Louisiana’s vast swamps than the baldcypress.

Louisiana State Fruit

Louisianans adopted three edible plants as state symbols. The strawberry is the official fruit. The creole tomato is the official “vegetable plant.” (Tomatoes are technically fruits, but they are popularly classified as vegetables.) The swe...

Louisiana State Bird

Although a white pelican is depicted on the Pelican State ’s flag, the state bird is the brown pelican. The pelican and Utah’s California gull are the only state birds that might be thought of as sea birds, though they also wander far inland. ...

Louisiana State Mammal

Louisiana’s state mammal is the Louisiana black bear. Yes, there are swamp bears. Louisiana also has an official state dog, the Catahoula leopard dog. The breed apparently takes its name from Catahoula Lake in north-central Louisiana. It is commonly b...

Louisiana State Reptile & Amphibian

What could Louisiana’s state reptile be but the American alligator? Louisiana shares its state amphibian, the green tree frog, with Georgia.

Louisiana State Fish

Louisiana has two official fishes. The white perch is the official freshwater fish. Outside Louisiana, it is usually called a crappie. The spotted weakfish is the official saltwater fish. The weakfish also represents far off Delaware.

Louisiana State Insect

Louisiana is one of many states that call the introduced honeybee their official state insect. Boring! In 2016, there was an unsuccessful attempt to make the native gulf fritillary butterfly a state symbol.

Louisiana State Crustacean

Louisiana doesn’t have a state shell. However, the Eastern oyster was designated its official cabachon gemstone. Louisiana’s official crustacean, the crawfish, is a familiar native. (Its name is more commonly spelled crayfish .) Southern Louisiana is ...

Louisiana Earth Symbols

The Pelican State ’s official mineral and fossil are the agate and petrified palmwood. The official cabochon gemstone isn’t an earth symbol at all; it’s the pearl of the eastern oyster. Soil ˆ Louisiana’s unofficial state soil is called R...

Louisiana State Fossil

Louisiana’s state fossil is petrified palmwood. Learn more about it at Louisiana earth symbols .

Louisiana Cultural Symbols

Louisiana has nearly 30 official cultural symbols, focusing largely on food and symbols of the arts. Cultural Symbols   Symbol fleur-de-lis 2008 Colors ...

Maine State Symbols

Welcome to the Pine Tree State ! Which do you think best represents Maine—a towering pine, a lighthouse, a majestic moose, or a lobster? (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans Nicknames The Pine Tree State ,...

Maine: Symbols of State

Motto Dirigo Song State of Maine Song 1937

Maine State Flower

Maine’s one-of-a-kind state flower isn’t a flower at all; it’s the cone of the white pine, the state tree.

Maine State Tree

Maine is nicknamed the Pine Tree State . Its state tree is the eastern white pine, and its state flower is the cone of the eastern white pine. A pine is even pictured on Maine’s state flag and seal. A pine figured even more prominently on Maine’s ori...

Maine State Fruit

Not content to adopt the blueberry as their state fruit, Mainiacs also declared blueberry pie the official state dessert. Though designated the official herb, wintergreen—or at least the part that’s harvested for commercial use—is an authentic fruit...

Maine State Bird

Black-capped Chickadee (left) and Boreal Chickadee. Maine’s state bird is the chickadee, begging the question which one? The black-capped chickadee, which also represents neighboring Maine and New Brunswick is commonly considered the state bird. H...

Maine State Mammal

Next to the white pine and North Star, Maine’s most important symbol of Nature is probably the moose. The moose is the state animal and is also featured on the state seal. The moose also represents Alaska. Maine is one of three states with a...

Maine State Fish

Atlantic salmon (left), brook trout (top) and blueback charr. Maine has three state fishes. Maine’s original state fish is the landlocked salmon. More recently, it adopted the brook trout and blueback charr. The brook trout is the most popular state f...

Maine State Insect

Maine is one of far too many states that call the introduced honeybee their state insect. In 2023, the pink-edged sulphur was named Maine’s official butterfly. Its caterpillar is nourished by native blueberry heaths, including Maine’s state fruit, the...

Maine State Crustacean

What could Maine’s state crustacean be but the famous “Maine lobster”? This legendary crustacean may have more political clout than Maine’s state animal, the majestic moose. Amazingly, the lobster wasn’t designated the state crustacean until 201...

Maine Earth Symbols

Left: tourmaline; Right: Ferns are among the seedless plants that survive today. Tourmaline was chosen to serve as Maine’s official gemstone. Tourmaline comes in a wide variety of colors and ranges from opaque to transparent. Maine’s best tourmaline riv...

Maine State Fossil

Maine’s state fossil is an ancient plant with the scientific name Pertica quadrifaria . Learn more about it at Maine earth symbols .

Maine Cultural Symbols

Maine hits fast and hard with its lean roster of half a dozen cultural symbols. Cultural Symbols   Dessert blueberry pie 2011 Treat whoopie pie ...

Maryland State Symbols

Welcome to . . . one of the few states that don’t have any really cool nicknames. As compensation, Maryland has a remarkable roster of state symbols, however. For starters, many are unique, not shared by any other state. (Continued below ) ...

Maryland: Symbols of State

Motto Scuto Bonae Voluntatis Tuae Coronasti Nos Motto Fatti maschii parole femine Song Maryland, My Maryland 1939

Maryland State Flower

The colors of Maryland’s state flower, the black-eyed Susan, complement its distinctive state flag.

Maryland State Tree

(License: By Msact at English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0 ) Maryland shares its state tree, the white oak, with Connecticut and Illinois. Maryland’s most beloved white oak was the Wye Oak, a majestic tree that was considered America’s biggest white oak...

Maryland State Bird

What could serve as Maryland’s state bird but the Baltimore oriole? This feathered gem’s colors complement the state flag, flower, and insect. Its association with Lord Baltimore also gives it deeper historical roots than most state birds. ...

Maryland State Mammal

Maryland has three official domestic animals, a horse, dog, and cat. It shares its state horse, the Thoroughbred, with Kentucky. The state dog is the Chesapeake Bay Retriever. The “chessie” traces its history to two Newfoundland dogs rescued fro...

Maryland State Reptile

Maryland’s state reptile is the diamondback terrapin. At home in the brackish waters of Chesapeake Bay, it was once a popular food item.

Maryland State Fish

Maryland’s state fish is the popular striped bass.

Maryland State Insect

Maryland’s state insect is the beautiful Baltimore checkerspot. Its colors complement the state flag, flower, and bird.

Maryland State Crustacean

Maryland doesn’t have a state shell, except for its official fossil shell . More popular than prehistoric snails, however, is Maryland’s official crustacean, the delectable blue crab.

Maryland Earth Symbols

(Dinosaur By Creator: Dmitry Bogdanov - dmitrchel@mail.ru, CC BY-SA 3.0 , link Note: I modified the background.) Maryland is one of the few Eastern states that don’t have an official shell . . . or does it? In fact, a shell with the scientific n...

Maryland State Fossil

Maryland has two official fossils, a shell (Ecphora gardnerae ) and the dinosaur Astrodon johnstoni . Learn more about them at Maryland earth symbols .

Maryland Cultural Symbols

Maryland has nearly a dozen official cultural symbols. In my opinion, the only ones that really stink are the official beverage, spirit, and dance. Milk and the square dance simply represent too many states to mean anything. Whether alcoholic beverages...

Massachusetts State Symbols

Whoa, Massachusetts, a tiny state that has more state symbols than almost any other state! Why does such a tiny state have so many state symbols? And why does such a liberal state have so many official state war memorials? (Continued below )...

Massachusetts: Symbols of State

Massachusetts may have America’s most overtly racist, even genocidal, state flag. It could well represent Israel. The offending image makes up the state seal and coat of arms and is further linked to the state motto, which translates, “By the sword we ...

Massachusetts State Flower

Massachusetts’ state flower is the aptly named Mayflower.

Massachusetts State Tree

(License: By Msact - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0 ) Massachusetts shares its state tree, the elm, with North Dakota.

Massachusetts State Fruit

Massachusetts calls the cranberry its official berry, while Wisconsin calls it its official fruit. Wisconsin produces more cranberries than Massachusetts, but cranberries are most famously associated with Thanksgiving, which is in turn associated...

Massachusetts State Bird

Massachusetts has two official state birds, the black-capped chickadee and turkey. Other states also call the turkey their official game bird, but turkeys are closely associated with Thanksgiving, which was first observed in Massachusetts. ...

Massachusetts State Mammal

When it comes to adopting mammal symbols, Massachusetts’ citizens don’t know when to quit. One of Massachusetts’ most spectacular symbols is the right whale. People were hunting right whales and fishing for cod long before the United States was born....

Massachusetts State Reptile

Massachusetts’ state reptile is the common garter snake.

Massachusetts State Fish

What would Massachusetts be without Cape Cod? Several East Coast states have an official freshwater and saltwater fish, usually the brook trout and striped bass. However, Massachusetts’ state fish blows all other state fishes out of the water. Europeans b...

Massachusetts State Insect

Massachusetts’ state insect is the ever popular ladybug.

Massachusetts State Shell

Massachusetts’ state shell is the New England Neptune, a beautiful shell with a really cool name. However, some people think a clam called the quahog (or quahaug) should be the state shell. The oyster also has a fan club.

Massachusetts Earth Symbols

Babingtonite (left) and rhodonite (Babingtonite: By Rob Lavinsky, iRocks.com – CC BY-SA 3.0 -- link .) Massachusetts’ earth symbols are as overwhelming as its official foods. Let’s start with the official rock, gem, and mineral. Earth Symbo...

Massachusetts State Fossil

Massachusetts has two official fossils, dinosaur tracks and the dinosaur Podokesaurus holyokensis . Learn more about them at Massachusetts earth symbols .

Massachusetts Cultural Symbols

Food | Sports | People | Boulders Holy stampede, tiny Massachusetts has about 33 official cultural symbols! Unfortunately, I cannot cover all of them in detail on this website. The information I have available can be found on this page, along...

Massachusetts Symbols of the Arts

Tennessee has over two dozen official cultural symbols, but a dozen of them are songs. In terms of diversity, Massachusetts gives the Volunteer State a run for the money. Folk Song Massachusetts 1981 ...

Massachusetts Political Symbols

When it comes to celebrating war, liberal Massachusetts may be ahead of red-necked Montana. Just take a look at that roster of symbols below. Language English 1975 Peace Statue Orange...

Michigan State Symbols

Welcome to the Wolverine State ! Michigan’s most exciting symbol may be its most familiar nickname, which is odd because there are probably no wolverines there today. Symbols like the robin , white-tailed deer , and brook trout , are wholesome b...

Michigan: Symbols of State

Motto Quaeris Peninsulam Amoenam Circumspice Song My Michigan 1937

Michigan State Flower

Michigan has two state flowers. The sweet crabapple blossom is its primary state flower, while the dwarf lake iris (below) is the official wildflower.

Michigan State Tree

Michigan shares its state tree, the eastern white pine, with Maine. Maine is better known as the Pine Tree State , but Michigan has more lighthouses, believe it or not.

Michigan State Bird

Robin (left) and Kirtland’s warbler Michigan shares its state bird, the familiar robin, with neighboring Wisconsin as well as Connecticut. In 1976, the rare Kirtland’s warbler was designated Michigan’s official bicentennial bird.

Michigan State Mammal

Michiganians appear to be crazy about deer. Michigan calls the white-tailed deer its official game mammal. In addition, a moose and elk are depicted on Michigan’s state seal and flag. Sadly, Michigan’s native elk were wiped out around 1875. Elk hav...

Michigan State Reptile

Michigan shares its state reptile, the painted turtle, with Illinois and Vermont. Colorado adopted the western painted turtle.

Michigan State Fish

Michigan is the westernmost state to adopt the brook trout as its state fish.

Michigan Earth Symbols

Left to right: Petoskey stone, mastodon, and chlorastrolite. Michigan’s earth symbols include two fossils. While mammoths represent several states stretching from Alaska to South Carolina, Michiganians declared the mastodon their state fossil. One o...

Michigan State Fossil

Michigan has adopted two fossils as state symbols, the Petoskey stone and the mastodon. Learn more about them at Michigan earth symbols .

Michigan Cultural Symbols

Michigan has just three official cultural symbols, including a historical society and a flag pledge. The most interesting is probably The Legend of Sleeping Bear , the official children’s book. Cultural Symbols   ...

Minnesota State Symbols

Welcome to the Land of 10,000 Lakes ! Minnesota has the perfect state bird and grain, the common loon and wild rice. However, Minnesota is also nicknamed the North Star State , and the state motto (which translates “Star of the North ”) and...

Minnesota: Symbols of State

Motto L’Étoile du Nord 1861 Song Hail! Minnesota! 1945

Minnesota State Flower

Minnesota was one of the first states to adopt a state flower. However, legislators mistakenly adopted a species of lady slipper that isn’t native to Minnesota. The error was later fixed, and Minnesota is now represented by the pink and white l...

Minnesota State Tree

(Photo of cones used with permission of the Gymnosperm Database ) Minnesota’s state tree is the red pine, or Norway pine.

Minnesota State Fruit

The Honeycrisp apple is Minnesota’s state fruit, but how can an apple compete with blueberries (the state berry) and wild rice (the official grain)? (The official mushroom, the morel, is featured on another page.)

Minnesota State Bird

Few birds are more closely associated with the northern wilderness than Minnesota’s common loon. In fact, the loon complements Minnesota’s state motto, which translates “Star of the North.” It also complements the nicknames North Star State and La...

Minnesota State Mammal

Minnesota is one of the very few states that don’t have a state mammal. The closest may be an early nickname, Gopher State . The animal behind the nickname is actually the thirteen-lined ground squirrel. Before Minnesota became a state, there was r...

Minnesota State Fish

Minnesota shares its state fish, the walleye, with neighboring South Dakota as well as Vermont. However, the walleye is much more closely associated with Minnesota than South Dakota.

Minnesota State Insect

Minnesota has two official insects. The monarch butterfly is the state butterfly, while the rusty-patched bumblebee is the state bee.

Minnesota State Mushroom

What would quiche be without mushrooms? The morel is Minnesota’s official mushroom. California, Oregon, Texas, and Utah also have official mushrooms, but none are as familiar as the morel, which was the first official state mushroom.

Minnesota Earth Symbols

Lester soil profile (left) and soybean fields under a dramatic summer sky, a reminder that the soil under our feet is closely connected to the sky, and not just through rain. Minnesota’s earth symbols are limited to a state gemstone (Lake Superior a...

Minnesota State Fossil

Minnesota is one of the few states without a state fossil is. Learn more about its earth symbols .

Minnesota Cultural Symbols

Minnesota has five official cultural symbols, one of which is a personal favorite. Cultural Symbols   Sport ice hockey 2009 Muffin blueberry muffin ...

Mississippi State Symbols

Welcome to the Magnolia State ! In fact, the magnolia serves as Mississippi’s state flower and tree both. For good measure, a magnolia blossom is depicted on the new state flag. (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans ...

Mississippi: Symbols of State

With its religious motto, Mississippi’s new flag may be even worse than the Civil War banner it replaced. Motto Virtute et Armis 1894 Song Go, Mississippi 1962

Mississippi State Flower

They don’t call Mississippi the Magnolia State for nothing. The magnolia serves as its state flower and tree both. For good measure, a magnolia is depicted on its new state flag. Mississippi also has an official wildflower, plants of the genus C...

Mississippi State Tree

They don’t call Mississippi the Magnolia State for nothing. The magnolia serves as its state flower and tree both, and a magnolia blossom even graces the new state flag.

Mississippi State Bird

The most popular state symbols in the South are the magnolia, mockingbird, largemouth bass, alligator, and tiger swallowtail (butterfly). Mississippi is represented by all of them except the tiger swallowtail; Mississippians adopted the spicebush...

Mississippi State Mammal

Mississippi’s mammal symbols are a little odd. It shares its official water mammal, the bottle-nose dolphin, with Florida and South Carolina. Who could say no to such a remarkable animal? But Mississippi legislators also adopted the white-tailed d...

Mississippi State Reptile

Louisiana shares its state reptile, the alligator, with Florida.

Mississippi State Fish

We’ve already mentioned Mississippi’s official reptile and fish, the alligator and largemouth bass.

Mississippi State Insect

Mississippi has two official insects, the honeybee and spicebush swallowtail. Named for its host plant, the spicebush, it is also called the green-clouded butterfly.

Mississippi State Shell

While most states choose beautiful mollusks for their state shells, Mississippians chose the more valuable oyster. However, the lovely angel wing (top left) was suggested first.

Mississippi Earth Symbols

Not known for its gemstones, Mississippi’s earth symbols were long limited to fossils. However, the Mississippi opal was designated the state mineral in 2023. Geologists discovered this valuable gemstone in the Catahoula formation, where it is a...

Mississippi State Fossil

Mississippi’s state fossils include two prehistoric whales and petrified wood. Learn more about them at Mississippi earth symbols .

Mississippi Cultural Symbols

Mississippi has ten official cultural symbols. Sadly, they don’t score very high in my book. Cultural Symbols   Toy Teddy Bear 2002 Natural Science Museum ...

Missouri State Symbols

Welcome to the Show Me State ! Generally speaking, Missouri’s state symbols aren’t terribly unique or exciting. Then again, no other state calls the hawthorn blossom its state flower or the pawpaw its official fruit tree. (Continued below ) ...

Missouri: Symbols of State

Motto Salus Populi Suprema Lex Esto Song Missouri Waltz 1949

Missouri State Flower

Blossoms of the hawthorn tree serve as Missouri’s state flower.

Missouri State Tree

Missouri shares its state tree, the dogwood, with New Jersey and Virginia.

Missouri State Grass

Note: This site will be under heavy construction until at least the end of June, 2022. Right now, the only state that is finished is Alabama . My next task is to create about 700-800 new pages. Next, I will finish the Symbols of State pages for all 50...

Missouri State Fruit

Do I smell a rivalry? Missouri shares its official grape, the Cynthiana grape with Arkansas, and both states call it the official “grape,” not “fruit.” Missouri and California both call the walnut their state nut.

Missouri State Bird

Missouri shares its state bird, the eastern bluebird, with New York. The bobwhite is Missouri’s official game bird.

Missouri State Mammal

Missouri arguably has four official state mammals. The Missouri mule is the state animal, while the Missouri Fox Trotting Horse is the official horse. A traditional symbol of skepticism, the mule might be imagined to sneer at the other two...

Missouri State Reptile & Amphibian

(Hellbender: By Ryan Somma, CC BY 2.0 -- link . Note: I modified the background on this image.) The three-toed box turtle and bullfrog are Missouri’s official state reptile and amphibian. Another amphibian, the hellbender, was designated the o...

Missouri State Fish

Missouri has two official fishes. The channel catfish is the state fish proper, while the spectacular paddlefish was designated the official aquatic animal.

Missouri State Insect

Missouri’s state insect is the introduced honeybee, one of the most redundant state symbols. There has been at least one attempt to adopt the regal fritillary butterfly.

Missouri State Crustacean

Missouri followed Louisiana’s lead in calling the crayfish its official state crustacean.

Missouri Earth Symbols

Left to right: Galena, mozarkite, and a fossilized crinoid. (Crinoid: By Vassil - Alias Collections., CC BY-SA 3.0 link ) Missouri’s nicknames include Lead State and Cave State . Not surprisingly, galena (lead) is Missouri’s state mineral. Lea...

Missouri State Fossil

Missouri has two state fossils, a crinoid and a dinosaur. Learn more about them at Missouri earth symbols .

Missouri Cultural Symbols

I wish I could say Missouri’s roster of ten official cultural symbols—which include the ever redundant milk and English—stink, but they actually take us for a ride. But is it a real journey or just a carnival ride? Cultural Symbo...

Montana State Symbols

Welcome to the Big Sky Country ! Montana's state symbols have some exciting stories to tell. (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans Nicknames Big Sky Country , Bonanza State, Treasure State   Symbols...

Montana: Symbols of State

Motto Oro y Plata Song Montana 1945

Montana State Flower

Native Americans were eating the roots of Montana’s state flower, the bitterroot, long before it was discovered by Lewis and Clark.

Montana State Tree

Missouri’s state tree is the majestic ponderosa pine. It was unknown to Europeans until the explorers Lewis and Clark discovered it in what is now Montana in 1805.

Montana State Grass

Montana shares its state grass, bluebunch wheatgrass, with Washington. On the Montana flag proposal pictured above, the Big Sky Country ’s vast grasslands are represented by a yellow stripe and bison skull, which is associated with the famous f...

Montana State Bird

Montana is one of six states that call the western meadowlark their state bird, making it even more popular than the bison and cottonwood as a state symbol. Some Montana legislators once tried to replace the meadowlark with the black-billed magpie,...

Montana State Mammal

In 1930, Montana school children declared the grizzly bear their choice for state animal. The majestic elk took second place. The grizzly bear also represents California, but there are no more grizzlies there. In fact, Montana’s Glacier National P...

Montana State Fish

The cutthroat trout is the most popular state fish in the West, representing seven states from Montana to New Mexico. However, Montana adopted it first.

Montana State Insect

The beautiful mourning cloak was designated Montana’s official butterfly in 2001. It is often the first butterfly to emerge in spring, frequently before the winter snow has melted. In 2005, there was an unsuccessful attempt to designate a dragonfly (...

Montana Earth Symbols

Cornflower blue Yogo sapphires (left) and Montana agate. (Yogo Sapphire (round): By Montanabw - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , link . Yogo Sapphire (pear-shaped): By PumpkinSky - Own work, gem owned by photographer, CC BY-SA 3.0 , link .) Under Montana’s b...

Montana State Fossil

Montana’s state fossil is the dinosaur Maiasaura peeblesorum . Learn more about it at Montana earth symbols .

Montana Cultural Symbols

Montana boasts nearly a dozen official cultural symbols, quite a roster for a Great Plains state. Unfortunately, most are predictably redneck symbols. In fact, several are discussed under political symbols . Cultural Symbols ...

Montana Political Symbols

Wow, four official veterans’ memorials. Where are we, in liberal Massachusetts? Language (State/Local Government) English 1995 Veterans’s Memorial Rose Garden Missoula Memorial Rose Gar...

Nebraska State Symbols

Welcome to Nebraska, a state with some strange symbols. Why is Nebraska nicknamed the Cornhusker State when it just stretches into the western edge of the Corn Belt? I prefer the nickname Antelope State , even if the graceful pronghorn isn’t a...

Nebraska: Symbols of State

Motto Equality Before the Law 1867 Song Beautiful Nebraska 1967

Nebraska State Flower

Nebraska’s state flower is giant goldenrod.

Nebraska State Tree

Nebraska is one of three states (including Kansas and Wyoming) that adopted the cottonwood, which rivals the bison and meadowlark as the most popular state symbol in the Great Plains region.

Nebraska State Grass

Nebraska shares its state grass, little bluestem, with Kansas.

Nebraska State Bird

The western meadowlark ranks with the bison and cottonwood as one of the most popular icons of the Great Plains. The first of six states to adopt the meadowlark were Nebraska, Oregon, and Wyoming, which made their designations in 1927. The meadowlark’s c...

Nebraska State Mammal

The white-tailed deer represents several states stretching from the East Coast to Nebraska and Oklahoma. Nebraska’s early nicknames include Antelope State , a reference to the speedy pronghorn. However, pronghorns are no longer common in Nebraska. white-tailed d...

Nebraska State Reptile

Nebraska shares its state reptile, the ornate box turtle, with neighboring Kansas.

Nebraska State Fish

Nebraska shares its state fish, the channel catfish, with several other states, including neighboring Kansas.

Nebraska State Insect

One of Nebraska’s least distinctive symbols is its state insect, the honeybee.

Nebraska Earth Symbols

Right: Archie is on display at the University of Nebraska State Museum in Lincoln; Bottom right: blue chalcedony (Mammoth skeleton: By James St. John, CC BY 2.0 -- www.flickr.com/photos/jsjgeology/32850429344/ . Note: I modified this image.) Largely...

Nebraska State Fossil

Nebraska’s state fossil is the mammoth. Learn more about it at Nebraska earth symbols .

Nebraska Cultural Symbols

Nebraska has eight official “cultural symbols” that vary from cool to downright weird. Cultural Symbols   Soft Drink Kool-Aid 1998 Beverage milk ...

Nevada State Symbols

Welcome to the Sagebrush State ! What state but Nevada would call sagebrush its state flower? The Sagebrush State also adopted the desert bighorn sheep , desert tortoise , and sandstone as state symbols. We clearly aren’t in Kansas. (Continued b...

Nevada: Symbols of State

Motto All for Our Country 1866 Song Home Means Nevada 1933

Nevada State Flower

Flowers can be a little scarce in arid Nevada. No problem, Nevadans adopted the sagebrush blossom as their state flower. A wreath of sagebrush blossoms is even emblazoned on Nevada’s state flag.

Nevada State Tree

(License: By Dcrjsr , CC BY-SA 3.0 Note: I modified the background extensively.) Nevada has two state trees. The single-leaf pinyon was designated the state tree in 1953. More than three decades later, the bristlecone pine (below) was adopted as...

Nevada State Grass

Nevada shares its state grass, Indian ricegrass, with Utah.

Nevada State Bird

Nevada shares its state bird, the mountain bluebird, with Idaho. The eastern bluebird represents Missouri and New York. The bluebird complements Nevada’s official colors, blue and silver.

Nevada State Mammal

The bighorn sheep is one of Colorado’s most familiar symbols. Nevada is represented by the closely related desert bighorn.

Nevada State Reptile

The desert tortoise is the official reptile of both Nevada and neighboring California. Like the desert bighorn, it is a very hardy creature.

Nevada State Fish

The cutthroat trout is the most popular state fish in the West. However, only Nevadans adopted a subspecies called the Lahontan cutthroat trout. During the Ice Age, huge lakes covered much of the Great Basin. As the climate became more arid, they...

Nevada State Insect

Nevada is the only state that calls the vivid dancer damselfly its state insect. Like the mountain bluebird, it complements Nevada’s official colors, silver and blue.

Nevada Earth Symbols

The sandstone of Valley of Fire State Park forms a backdrop for a fire opal (left) and a silver and turquoise bolo tie. Nevadans weren’t shy when it comes to adopting earth symbols. In addition to the nickname Silver State and the silver star o...

Nevada State Fossil

Nevada’s state fossil is the ichthyosaur Shosonisaurus . Learn more about it at Nevada earth symbols .

Nevada Cultural Symbols

Kudos to Nevada. Its lean roster of half a dozen official cultural symbols is far better than the competition. Cultural Symbols   Colors silver and blue 1983 ...

New Hampshire State Symbols

Welcome to colorful New Hampshire! If New Hampshire had official colors, what do you think they should be? I would choose gray, white, and blue for the nicknames Granite State , White Mountain State , and Mother of Rivers . (White also represents...

New Hampshire: Symbols of State

Motto Live Free or Die 1945 Song Old New Hampshire 1949 Emblem Old Man of the Mountain 1945 New Hampshire’s official state emblem is discussed under earth symbols .

New Hampshire State Flower

New Hampshire’s state flower is the beautiful lilac, which smells as nice as it looks. The blossoms’ purple color complements the state bird, the purple finch.

New Jersey State Flower

New Jersey shares its state flower, the common blue violet, with Rhode Island and Wisconsin.

New Hampshire State Tree

What better tree for the White Mountain State than the white birch? The birch is represented by five birch leaves on the New Hampshire state flag proposal pictured above.

New Hampshire State Fruit

New Hampshire calls the pumpkin its state fruit, the white potato its official vegetable. New Hampshire was supposedly the first state where potatoes were cultivated, while the pumpkin was immortalized by a famous pumpkin festival held in Keene,...

New Hampshire State Bird

The colorful White Mountain State chose the purple finch for its state bird. In 2019, the red-tailed hawk became New Hampshire’s official state raptor. The red-tailed hawk is also the official raptor of far off Oklahoma.

New Hampshire State Mammal

New Hampshire has three official mammals, two wild and one domestic. The state animal is the white-tailed deer, a species adopted by a dozen states stretching west into Nebraska and Oklahoma. The bobcat was adopted as the official wildcat in 2015....

New Hampshire State Amphibian

(By Bruce Lucas - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 -- link . Note: I modified the background.) New Hampshire was the first state to adopt an official amphibian. The prime mover behind the campaign was Goffstown High School science teacher Philip Browne. Browne...

New Hampshire State Fish

Brook trout (top) and striped bass. New Hampshire has two state fishes. New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, and Virginia all call the brook trout their official freshwater fish and the striped bass their official saltwater fish.

New Hampshire State Insect

(Ladybug: By gailhampshire, CC BY 2.0 -- link .) The Granite State has two state insects. The two-spot ladybug is the official insect, while the Karner blue butterfly is the official butterfly. The Melissa blue, as it is also known, is a small...

New Hampshire Earth Symbols

Smoky quartz (left) and beryl, with granite background. We’ve already met the Granite State ’s official rock, granite. New Hampshire’s official mineral is beryl. There’s a Mt. Beryl in southwestern New Hampshire. Smoky quartz is New Hampshire’s official ...

New Hampshire State Fossil

New Hampshire is one of the few states without a state fossil. Learn about its other earth symbols .

New Hampshire Cultural Symbols

With the exception of the official language and an excess of official songs, New Hampshire’s roster of 13 official cultural symbols is pretty cool. More precisely, it has at least a couple cool symbols, apple cider and skiing. C...

New Jersey State Symbols

Welcome to the Garden State ! New Jersey was the only state without an official song until Maryland repealed its state song. Some think it should adopt one of Bruce Springsteen’s hits, while others joke that it should adopt “New York, New Yor...

New Jersey: Symbols of State

Motto Liberty and Prosperity 1928 Song [None]

New Jersey State Tree

New Jersey has two state trees. The red oak is its state tree proper, while the dogwood (below) is the official memorial tree. The dogwood also represents Missouri and Virginia.

New Jersey State Berry

New Jersey is nicknamed the Garden State , but it has never been able to adopt an official vegetable. Attempts often end in standoffs between fans of tomatoes, corn, or whatever. However, the highbush blueberry doesn’t appear to have much competition. I...

New Jersey State Bird

The only state bird representing states on both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, the eastern goldfinch was adopted by New Jersey, Washington, and Iowa.

New Jersey State Mammal

Several states have adopted a variety of horse breeds. However, New Jersey simply adopted the “horse.” A horse’s head is featured on New Jersey’s coat of arms (and state seal), which is in turn displayed on the state flag.

New Jersey State Reptile

Bog turtle (left) and Pine Barrens tree frog. New Jersey didn’t have a state reptile until the tiny bog turtle was adopted in 2018. The bog turtle’s main rival was the eastern milk snake. The Pine Barrens tree frog has been a prominent state amphibian can...

New Jersey State Fish

Brook trout (top) and striped bass. New Jersey is one of four coastal states that call both the brook trout and striped bass their state fishes. The brook trout is New Jersey’s state fish, while the striped bass was named the official saltwater fish. ...

New Jersey State Insect

Black swallowtail (left) and io moth. New Jersey has two state insects. The honeybee was designated the official state bug. That’s a frankly stupid title for a terribly redundant symbol. In 2018, legislation was drafted to name the common eastern b...

New Jersey State Shell

New Jersey’s state shell is the knobbed whelk. The Garden State is also one of a handful of states that recognize an official microbe. New Jerseyans chose Streptomyces griseus , which was discovered in the state in 1916. In 1943, researchers from R...

New Jersey Earth Symbols

Franklinite (left), surrounded by brownstone. New Jersey, North Dakota, and Pennsylvania were long the only states without an official mineral, rock, stone, or gem. However, New Jersey joined the party in 2023 when franklinite was declared the official...

New Jersey State Fossil

New Jersey’s state fossil is the dinosaur Hadrosaurus foulkii . Learn more about it at New Jersey earth symbols .

New Jersey Cultural Symbols

New Jersey has five to eight official cultural symbols, and they’re a can of worms. Where do I begin? Cultural Symbols   Colors buff and Jersey blue 1965 Juice ...

New Mexico State Symbols

Welcome to the Land of Enchantment ! Few states are represented by symbols that are more unique or exciting. (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans Nicknames Land of Enchantment 1999...

New Mexico: Symbols of State

Motto Crescit Eundo Song O’ Fair New Mexico 1917

New Mexico State Flower

New Mexico’s state flower is the blossom of the hardy and exotic yucca.

New Mexico State Tree

New Mexico’s state tree, the pinyon, is beloved for its edible seeds, or “pine nuts.”

New Mexico State Grass

New Mexico shares its state grass, blue grama, with neighboring Colorado. Ranging from southern Canada into Mexico, it is the dominant grass species in the shortgrass steppe ecoregion.

New Mexico State Vegetables

New Mexico has two official vegetables, and they’re inseparable—chile & frijole. Chiles are the spicy “chili peppers” that are so popularly associated with Mexican food and salsa. Frijoles are beans, though New Mexico specifically adopted...

New Mexico State Bird

What bird could represent the Land of Enchantment but the roadrunner? This ground-dwelling predator somehow reminds me of New Mexico’s state fossil, the ancient dinosaur Coelophysis . A cartoon roadrunner named Dusty Roadrunner was created in 1...

New Mexico State Mammal

New Mexico is one of several states that call the black bear their state mammal or animal. However, New Mexico is the home of the most famous black bear, Smokey Bear. Smokey Bear began as a cartoon character during World War II. The National Forest...

New Mexico State Reptile & Amphibian

Roadrunners’ prey includes New Mexico’s state reptile, the New Mexico whiptail lizard. This lizard is unusual in that there are no males; every individual is a female! The New Mexico whiptail reproduces by cloning. The young are exact duplicates of ...

New Mexico State Fish

New Mexico’s state fish is the New Mexico or Rio Grande cutthroat trout. It may have been the first New World trout seen by Europeans. Spanish explorer Francisco de Coronado saw trout in the Pecos River near Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1541. They w...

New Mexico State Insect

Can you guess which one is a tarantula killer? New Mexico’s official butterfly is the beautiful Sandia hairstreak. Its greenish-gold coloration somewhat complements the state fish. The state insect is another story. It’s called a tarantula hawk (wa...

New Mexico Earth Symbols

New Mexico shares its official gem, turquoise, with Arizona and Nevada. Each of the other Southwestern states has at least three official mineral symbols. But New Mexicans appear to be satisfied with this beautiful icon of the Southwest. Turquoise...

New Mexico State Fossil

New Mexico’s state fossil is the dinosaur Coelophysis . Learn more about it at New Mexico earth symbols .

New Mexico Cultural Symbols

Holy sidewinder, New Mexico has nearly 20 official cultural symbols, quite a roster for a Western state. Overkill aside, they’re generally pretty cool symbols to boot, aside from its official flag salute. Cultural Symbols ...

New York Cultural Symbols

New York’s handful of official cultural symbols are surprisingly (or not) lame. Cultural Symbols   Food apple muffin 1987 Snack yogurt 2014 ...

New Mexico Symbols of the Arts

I will post the words to New Mexico’s poem and the lyrics to its songs as soon as I learn which ones are in the public domain. Ballad Land of Enchantment — New Mexico 1989 Spanish Language Son...

New York State Symbols

Welcome to New York! Some of New York’s symbols are too closely associated with New York City, which is one of the creepiest cities on the planet. Take the nickname Empire State —please. And what do you think about New York’s official hymn, “Ode ...

New York: Symbols of State

Motto Excelsior 1778 Song I Love New York 2009

New York State Flower

New York’s state flower is the rose, which is also the United States’ national flower. New York also calls the lilac (below) its official bush. It’s a pretty good bet it was adopted because of its beautiful blossoms.

New York State Tree

New York shares its state tree, the sugar maple, with Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. The tree’s spectacular fall foliage and maple syrup make it a tough act to follow.

New York State Fruit

New York’s state fruit is the apple. It’s a somewhat puzzling choice, because New York City is known as “The Big Apple,” and it isn’t a nice city. In fact, NYC is one of the most corrupt cities on the planet. On the positive side, New York’s ap...

New York State Bird

New York shares its state bird, the eastern bluebird, with Missouri. The robin was initially chosen to represent the Empire State , but the bluebird proved more popular, even if it is less familiar. A vulture might make a good symbol of New York...

New York State Mammal

It’s hard to find animals that represent New York but haven’t been adopted by other states. It shares its state animal, the beaver, with Oregon, The Beaver State , as well as Canada.

New York State Reptile

Only New York calls the snapping turtle its state reptile, but what do snapping turtles have to do with New York? Do they represent the greedy bankers that snap up people’s money? After at least five failed adoption attempts, the wood frog can p...

New York State Fish

Brook trout (top) and striped bass. New York is one of four states that call both the brook trout and striped bass their state fishes.

New York State Insect

(White admiral butterfly: By Saxophlute at English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0 -- link . Note: I modified the background on the left and added the ladybug.) The Empire State has two official insects. The nine-spotted ladybug was named the state insect...

New York State Shell

The bay scallop was chosen as New York’s official shell. Virginia’s symbols include a prehistoric scallop.

New York Earth Symbols

Wine-red garnet (left) and Herkimer diamond. New York has just two official earth symbols. The wine-red garnet is the official gem. Barton mines in the Adirondack Mountains is the world’s largest garnet mine. There have been attempts to designate t...

New York State Fossil

New York’s state fossil is the sea scorpion Eurypterus remipes . Learn more about it at New York earth symbols .

North Carolina State Symbols

Welcome to the Tarheel State ! North Carolina has some exciting symbols that represent the sea, including the red drum , Scotch bonnet , shad boat , and the fossilized teeth of the super-shark Megalodon . The state horse is the colonial Spanish...

North Carolina: Symbols of State

Motto Esse Quam Videri 1893 Song The Old North State 1927

North Carolina State Flower

North Carolina shares its state flower, the dogwood, with Virginia. North Carolina also has an official wildflower, the Carolina lily (below).

North Carolina State Tree

North Carolina has two state trees. Its original state tree, adopted in 1963, is the pine. In 2005, the Fraser fir (below) was named the official Christmas tree.

North Carolina State Fruit

(Scuppermong grapes By Flick User Southern Foodways Alliance , CC BY 2.0 , https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47672023) When it comes to adopting edible plants as state symbols, North Carolina is a leader. The scuppermong (a type...

North Carolina State Carnivorous Plant

Every state has at least one state flower and tree. Official state fruits and vegetables are also very popular, and several states have official grasses. There are even a couple state cacti. However, North Carolina goes where no other state has...

North Carolina State Bird

The cardinal is the most popular state bird, representing seven states. North Carolina might have a more distinctive state bird if the Carolina parakeet had not been hunted to extinction.

North Carolina State Mammal

North Carolina has four official state mammals. The gray squirrel and opossum serve as the official mammal and marsupial. (Marsupials are also mammals, of course.) Gray squirrel (left) and opossum. Wild horses have roamed North Carolina’s Outer B...

North Carolina State Reptile & Amphibian

The popular box turtle was adopted as North Carolina’s state reptile. North Carolina is the only state besides Missouri and Ohio with two official amphibians. The Pine Barrens tree frog is the official frog, while the marbled salamander is the o...

North Carolina State Fish

Brook trout (top) and channel bass, or red drum. The cardinal, brook trout, eastern tiger swallowtail, and dogwood are among the most popular ecosymbols in the East, but only North Carolina and Virginia are represented by all four. However, North Carolina’s o...

North Carolina State Insect

North Carolina’s state insect is the honeybee. The eastern tiger swallowtail was designated the official butterfly.

North Carolina State Shell

North Carolina’s state shell is the beautiful Scotch bonnet.

North Carolina Earth Symbols

A gold nugget and emerald, with Mt. Airy granite for a border. Gold and granite are North Carolina’s official state mineral and rock, respectively. However, the star of the show is North Carolina’s official precious stone, the emerald. In fact, Nor...

North Carolina State Fossil

North Carolina’s state fossil is teeth from the prehistoric shark Megalodon . Learn more about it at North Carolina earth symbols .

North Carolina Cultural Symbols

North Carolina has about 18 official cultural symbols. The best symbols (in my opinion) are explored in symbols of the arts , while the worst are hung out to dry on political symbols . Cultural Symbols   ...

North Carolina Symbols of the Arts

North Carolina boasts some of the most intriguing and inspirational symbols of the arts. It can bury you in beautiful pottery, then lift you up to a Moravian star via an out-of-this-world whirligig. Art Medium clay ...

North Carolina Political Symbols

Hold your nose before we dive into North Carolina’s political symbols Language English 1987 Veterans Day Parade Veterans Day Parade held in the Town of Warsaw 2016 ...

North Dakota State Symbols

Welcome to the Peace Garden State ! North Dakota’s roster of state symbols is lean and mean. The state flower is the wild prairie rose . Of course, a Great Plains state has to has to have a state grass (western wheatgrass ), and the state b...

North Dakota: Symbols of State

Motto Liberty and Union Now and Forever, One and Inseparable Latin Motto Serit ut alteri saeclo prosit 2011 Song North Dakota Hymn 1947

North Dakota State Flower

North Dakota shares its state flower, the prairie rose or pasture rose, with Iowa and Alberta. The prairie rose is a fitting symbol for the Peace Garden State . Moreover, I think it nicely complements North Dakota’s beautiful coat of arms, which b...

North Dakota State Tree

North Dakota shares its state tree, the elm, with Massachusetts. However, elms are more appreciated in the Dakotas, where trees are often scarce.

North Dakota State Grass

North Dakota shares its state grass, western wheatgrass, with neighboring South Dakota and Wyoming. If you love the Great Plains, then you have to love North Dakota’s coat of arms, which may be America’s best.

North Dakota State Fruit

North Dakota’s chokecherry is one of the most unique state fruits.

North Dakota State Bird

North Dakota is one of six states that call the western meadowlark their state bird, making it even more popular than the bison and cottonwood as a state symbol. It’s hard to imagine what bird could rival the meadowlark in popularity, though t...

North Dakota State Mammal

One has to wonder if the horse on North Dakota’s state seal could be a Nokota horse, North Dakota’s state horse. (Actually, it’s called the official honorary state equine.) The Nokota Horse Conservancy believes that Nokota horses are desce...

North Dakota State Fish

North Dakota’s state fish is the aptly named northern pike. One of the biggest fishes native to the region, it ranges north into Alaska.

North Dakota State Insect

North Dakota’s state insect is the convergent ladybug

North Dakota Earth Symbols

Custer’s last stand in Montana reminds me of an amazing fossil site that was recently discovered in neighboring North Dakota. Not far from Bowman, North Dakota is a site where the bones of dinosaurs and paddlefish (Missouri’s state fish) are...

North Dakota State Fossil

North Dakota’s state fossil is petrified wood bored by shipworms. Learn more about it at North Dakota earth symbols .

North Dakota Cultural Symbols

As a son of West Dakota, I’m not terribly impressed with North Dakota’s official cultural symbols. Cultural Symbols   Railroad Museum Mandan Railroad Museum 1989 ...

Ohio State Symbols

Welcome to the Buckeye State ! Ohio’s symbols can really make a person think. It is the only state with a flag that isn’t rectangular, for example. And yet it ranks among the nicest state flags. (Continued below ) ...

Ohio: Symbols of State

Motto With God, All Things Are Possible 1959 Song Beautiful Ohio 1969

Ohio State Flower

Ohio’s state flower is the red (or scarlet) carnation. It was adopted in honor of pResident William McKinley, an Ohio native who liked to wear carnations until he was assassinated. Ohio also has an official wildflower, large white trillium (below). I...

Ohio State Tree

Only Ohio calls the Ohio buckeye its state tree.

Ohio State Fruit

Ohioans named the tomato their official fruit, while the pawpaw was adopted as the official native fruit.

Ohio State Bird

The cardinal is the most popular state bird, representing seven states. The cardinal nicely complements Ohio’s red, white and blue flag, which also represents the state tree and mammal.

Ohio State Mammal

Ohio is nicknamed The Buckeye State , and the state tree is the Ohio buckeye. The Native American word for buckeye translates “eye of the buck,” recalling Ohio’s state animal, the white-tailed deer.

Ohio State Reptile & Amphibian

The beautiful black racer is Ohio’s state reptile. (Spotted salamander: This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-SA 3.0 ) Attribution: Camazine (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Camazine ) a...

Ohio State Insect

Ohio’s state insect is the popular ladybug. Some Ohioans have campaigned for the adoption of the buckeye butterfly.

Ohio Earth Symbols

Nellie Blue Flint (left) is essentially restricted to the Nellie area of northwestern Coshocton County. (Flint & Arrowhead: Both photos by James St. John, CC BY 2.0 ; flint -- link . Arrowhead -- link .) Ohio’s state gem, flint, has a Native A...

Ohio State Fossil

Ohio has two state fossils, the trilobite Isotelus and the monster fish Dunkleosteus . Learn more about them at Ohio earth symbols .

Ohio Cultural Symbols

Ohio has a sterling roster of official cultural symbols, aside from that stupid flag salute. Cultural Symbols   Artifact Adena pipe 2013 Prehistoric Monument...

Oklahoma State Symbols

Welcome to the Sooner State ! Oklahoma has a big roster of state symbols, many of them quite distinctive. It has one of the most spectacular state birds, the scissor-tailed flycatcher . Its state reptile, the mountain boomer (aka collared lizard),...

Oklahoma: Symbols of State

Motto Labor Omnia Vincit 1906 Song and Anthem Oklahoma 1953

Oklahoma State Flower

(Oklahoma tea rose (left) By Yoko Nekonomania , CC BY 2.0 ) Oklahoma’s state flower story is a little confusing. Oklahoma was one of the first states to adopt a state flower when it enthroned mistletoe. Like Maine’s pine cone, it isn’t really a flo...

Oklahoma State Tree

Oklahoma’s state tree is the redbud. The tree’s showy flowers endeared it to early pioneers.

Oklahoma State Grass

Oklahoma shares its state grass, Indian grass, with South Carolina.

Oklahoma State Fruit

Oklahomans named the strawberry their official fruit, giving the watermelon the title official vegetable. Although watermelons are popularly regarded as vegetables, they are in fact fruit.

Oklahoma State Bird

Oklahoma has three state birds, putting it on a par with South Carolina. The Sooner State ’s original state bird is the spectacular scissor-tailed flycatcher. What state can compete with that? Oklahoma is also the westernmost of several states t...

Oklahoma State Mammal

Oklahoma has four official state mammals. It shares its state animal, the bison, with Kansas and Wyoming. Bison were wiped out in Oklahoma long ago, but the species survived in Wyoming and Canada. Bison have since been reintroduced to Oklahoma. Oklahoma...

Oklahoma State Reptile & Amphibian

The collared lizard was named Oklahoma’s official reptile in 1969. In Oklahoma, it’s popularly called a “mountain boomer.” Apparently, early pioneers thought the colorful lizards they saw basking on rocks were the source of loud calls made by frog...

Oklahoma State Fish

Oklahoma alone calls the white bass (aka sand bass) its state fish.

Oklahoma State Insect

(Black swallowtail butterfly: By Spinus Nature Photography, CC BY-SA 3.0 -- link .) The honeybee is Oklahoma’s state insect. It shares its state butterfly, the black swallowtail, with far off New Jersey.

Oklahoma Earth Symbols

Even if the barite rose (top left) and Georgia’s Cherokee rose are both phony symbols of the Trail of Tears, Oklahoma’s selenite crystals are the real deal. Millions of years ago, much of the interior of North America lie under shallow seas. These anc...

Oklahoma State Fossil

(Acrocanthosaurus : -- By Dmitry Bogdanov - dmitrchel@mail.ru, CC BY-SA 3.0 -- source --

Oklahoma State Soil

Oklahoma’s famous red dirt is on display at Gloss Mountain State Park, in the northwestern part of the state. Oklahoma is among the states with an official soil. Its soil, adopted in 1987, goes by the unassuming name Port silt loam. Named after t...

Oklahoma Cultural Symbols

Oklahoma has about 25 official cultural symbols, some of which are explored under symbols of the arts . If you’re looking for additional information, you can check out my books. Cultural Symbols   ...

Oklahoma Symbols of the Arts

Oklahoma has 17 symbols of the arts, including eight songs, probably more than any other Western state. Folk Song Oklahoma Hills 2001 Land Run Song The Oklahoma Run 2009 ...

Oregon State Symbols

Welcome to the Beaver State ! California may be the Golden State , but some of that gold rubbed off on Oregon. Yellow is the color of Oregon’s state flower, the Oregon grape . It is also a prominent color on the state bird and insect, the western m...

Oregon: Symbols of State

Motto Alis Volat Propriis Song Oregon, My Oregon 1927

Oregon State Flower

Oregon’s state flower is the Oregon grape. It is represented by the color yellow on the Oregon state flag proposal pictured above.

Oregon State Tree

What tree better represents the Pacific Northwest coastal rainforest than Oregon’s state tree, the Douglas fir? Oregon’s forests are represented by the color green on the flag proposal pictured above.

Oregon State Fruit

Oregon named one of my favorites fruits its official state fruit, the pear. The hazelnut is the official nut.

Oregon State Bird

The western meadowlark is the most popular state bird in the Great Plains, but it also represents Oregon. School children in neighboring Washington even voted for the meadowlark, though adults later adopted the goldfinch. ranks with the bison and...

Oregon State Mammal

Beaver fur was among the treasures that lured explorers across the continent. It is thus little surprise that the beaver is the official state animal of both New York and Oregon. However, the golden beaver on Oregon’s flag is a reminder that it i...

Oregon State Fish

Oregon shares its state fish, the mighty Chinook salmon (aka king salmon), with Alaska. The largest of the Pacific salmon, the Chinook is prized by both commercial and sport fisheries. Native Americans, including the Chinook Indians, once speared...

Oregon State Insect

Oregon’s state insect is the Oregon swallowtail. Its colors complement the official state colors and the state flower.

Oregon State Shell and Crustacean

Oregon is the only Pacific coastal state with an official crustacean. The Dungeness crab is named for the port of Dungeness in Washington. Oregon also has a state shell, the Oregon hairy triton.

Oregon State Mushroom and Microbe

Oregon is one of five states with an official mushroom, the Pacific golden chanterelle. In 2013, Oregon became the first state to adopt an official microbe, Brewer’s yeast. Yeast is closely associated with the production of bread and alcoholic beverages. L...

Oregon Earth Symbols

Sunstone (left) and thunderegg. Found in south-central Oregon, the Oregon sunstone is Oregon’s most beautiful earth symbol. However, the state rock is more exciting. According to legend, the thunderegg was given its name by Native Americans who d...

Oregon State Fossil

Oregon’s state fossil is the prehistoric plant Metasequoia . Learn more about it at Oregon earth symbols .

Oregon Cultural Symbols

Oregon’s ten official cultural symbols focus heavily on people, similar to Massachusetts. Cultural Symbols   Colors navy blue and gold 1959 Mother of Oregon ...

Pennsylvania State Symbols

Welcome to the Keystone State ! At first glance, Pennsylvania’s symbols may not seem terribly exciting, except for its firefly and hellbender . Put them all together, however, and they spell Pennsylvania. (Continued below ) Nicknames &...

Pennsylvania: Symbols of State

Motto Virtue, Liberty, and Independence 1875 Latin Motto Ubi libertas vivit, hic patria mihi 2015 Song Pennsylvania 1990

Pennsylvania State Flag

State Flag (left) and a proposal for a new flag designed by Tara Stark. STATE SEAL (LEFT) AND COAT OF ARMS. Motto Virtue, Liberty, and Independence 1875 Motto Ubi libertas vivit,...

Pennsylvania State Flower

Pennsylvania shares its state flower, the mountain laurel, with Connecticut. Pennsylvania also calls Penngift crownvetch (below) its official conservation and beautification plant.

Pennsylvania State Tree

(Photo of Forest, License: By Joshua Mayer , CC BY-SA 2.0 Note: I merged the photo with a close-up of the needles and cones on the left.) Pennsylvania’s state tree is the eastern hemlock.

Pennsylvania State Bird

Pennsylvania is arguably the only state that doesn’t have a state bird. The ruffed grouse is generally regarded as the state bird, but it was actually designated the official game bird in 1931.

Pennsylvania State Mammal

Pennsylvania has two official state mammals. The popular white-tailed deer is the state animal, while the Great Dane was designated the state dog. Pennsylvania’s official dog is the Great Dane. The breed is associated with Pennsylvania’s founder, Wil...

Pennsylvania State Amphibian

(By Ryan Somma, CC BY 2.0 -- link . Note: I modified the background on this image.) In 2019, the Godzilla of amphibians, the hellbender, was named Pennsylvania’S state amphibian. Despite its name, the hellbender is harmless. However, some people m...

Pennsylvania State Fish

Pennsylvania’s state fish is the popular brook trout.

Pennsylvania State Insect

(Firefly (Photuris pennsylvanica ): By Terry Priest, CC BY 2.0 -- link . Note: I modified this image.) Pennsylvania boasts one of the most delightful state insects—the firefly.

Pennsylvania Earth Symbols

Anthracite coal and quartz. If asked what Pennsylvania’s state rock is, most people would probably reply “coal?” In fact, Pennsylvania is one of the few states that don’t have an official mineral, gem, rock or stone. However, quartz, celestine, and wav...

Pennsylvania State Fossil

Pennsylvania’s state fossil is the trilobite Phacops rana . Learn more about it at Pennsylvania earth symbols .

Pennsylvania Cultural Symbols

Pennsylvania’s nine official cultural symbols focus heavily on transportation—ships, trains, and airplanes. Cultural Symbols   Beverage milk 1982 Steam Loc...

Rhode Island State Symbols

Welcome to the Ocean State ! If you think tiny Rhode Island’s state symbols are a yawn, guess again. The Ocean State is the only state besides Delaware whose state bird is a chicken (the Rhode Island Red ). It is the only state whose symbols i...

Rhode Island: Symbols of State

Motto Hope 1875 Song Rhode Island’s It For Me 1996

Rhode Island State Flower

Rhode Island shares its state flower, the common blue violet, with New Jersey and Wisconsin.

Rhode Island State Tree

Rhode Island’s state tree is the red maple, a suitable choice for a state whose name means “red island.”

Rhode Island State Fruit

While several states call the apple their state fruit, only Rhode Island adopted the greening apple.

Rhode Island State Bird

The bobwhite and ruby-throated hummingbird were leading candidates for Rhode Island state bird. In the end, they were beat by a chicken, however. The name Rhode Island Red is a reminder that Rhode Island derives from a Dutch name meaning “red i...

Rhode Island State Mammal

Rhode Island designated the familiar harbor seal its official marine mammal. The only other state represented by a pinniped (seal or sea lion) is Hawaii.

Rhode Island State Fish

Rhode Island’s state fish is the popular striped bass.

Rhode Island State Insect

Rhode Island’s state insect is the American burying beetle. Did that name get your attention? The American burying beetle is a type of carrion beetle. In fact, it’s the largest carrion-frequenting insect in North America, growing to a length of ...

Rhode Island State Shell

Rhode Island’s state shell is a clam known locally as a quahaug. A few states have adopted prehistoric corals as official fossils, while Hawaiians stupidly designated black coral their official gemstone. In 2021, Rhode Island became the first state t...

Rhode Island Earth Symbols

bowenite (left) and Cumberlandite. (Cumberlandite by Didier Descouens - Own work -- CC BY-SA 4.0 , link .) Rhode Island is the only state in New England besides New Hampshire without a state fossil. However, it has a state mineral (bowenite) and...

Rhode Island State Fossil

Rhode Island is one of the few states without a state fossil. Learn more about its other earth symbols .

Rhode Island Cultural Symbols

Tiny Rhode Island has nine relatively distinctive official cultural symbols. Cultural Symbols   Appetizer calamari 2012 Drink coffee milk 1993...

South Carolina State Symbols

Welcome to the Palmetto State ! Leapin’ lizards! South Carolina boasts more symbols than almost any other state. In fact, lizards are just about the only things it hasn’t adopted as symbols. (Continued below ) Nicknames &am...

South Carolina Earth Symbols

South Carolina’s state gem is amethyst, a variety of quartz. Blue granite was adopted as South Carolina’s state stone. Fossil ˆ South Carolina shares its state fossil with Washington State. (Columbian mammoth skeleton: By WolfmanSF - Own work...

South Carolina: Symbols of State

Motto Animis Opibusque Parati 1776 Motto Dum Spiro Spero 1776 Song Carolina 1911

South Carolina State Flower

By KENPEI - KENPEI , CC BY-SA 3.0 South Carolina’s state flower is the beautiful Carolina jessamine. It also calls goldenrod (below) its official wildflower.

South Carolina State Tree

South Carolina shares its state tree, the sabal palmetto, with Florida. However, South Carolina’s elegantly beautiful state flag—which depicts a sabal palm and crescent moon—blows Florida’s flag out of the water.

South Carolina State Grass

South Carolina shares its state grass, Indian grass, with Oklahoma.

South Carolina State Fruit

South Carolina shares its state fruit, the peach, with Alabama and Georgia. Its official vegetable is collard greens.

South Carolina State Bird

What bird best represents the Palmetto State ? The Carolina wren narrowly beat the Carolina dove but was itself briefly replaced by the mockingbird. The turkey and wood duck were later designated the official game bird and waterfowl. Several states...

South Carolina State Mammal

The Palmetto State has a whopping six official mammals. The popular white-tailed deer is the state animal, while the bottle-nosed dolphin is the official marine mammal. The northern right whale is the official migratory marine mammal. The Boykin...

South Carolina State Reptile & Amphibian

(Spotted salamander: This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license . Attribution: Camazine (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Camazine ) at English Wikipedia [Scott Camazine web.mac.com/camazine ] -- link .)...

South Carolina State Fish

Amazingly, South Carolina has just one state fish, the striped bass. The striped bass is the most popular marine species adopted as a state fish, representing states stretching north to New Hampshire.

South Carolina State Insect

The Carolina mantid was designated South Carolina’s official insect in 1988. The only other state with an official mantid is Connecticut, which adopted the introduced European praying mantis. The popular eastern tiger swallowtail is South Carolina’s off...

South Carolina State Shell

The beautiful lettered olive is South Carolina’s state shell.

New Hampshire State Spider

South Carolina was the first state to adopt a state spider. Thanks to third grade students at Hollis Primary School, the daring jumping spider became New Hampshire’s official spider in 2021.

South Carolina State Spider

Not content with two official insects, South Carolinians named the Carolina wolf spider their official state spider. The only other state with an official spider is New Hampshire. However, New Mexico’s state insect, the tarantula hawk, preys on spiders. ...

South Carolina State Fossil

South Carolina’s state fossil is the Columbian mammoth. Learn more about it at South Carolina earth symbols .

South Carolina Cultural Symbols

South Carolina has a couple dozen official cultural symbols, some of which are explored under symbols of the arts and political symbols . If you’re looking for additional information, you can check out my books. Cultural Symbols ...

South Carolina Symbols of the Arts

South Carolina’s roster of a dozen official symbols of the arts is impressively diverse. The State Music The Spiritual 1999 Popular Music beach music 2001 ...

South Carolina Political Symbols

South Carolina has a problem. Military Academy Camden Military Academy 2001 Flag Pledge 1966 Language English 1987 Several...

South Dakota State Symbols

Welcome to the Coyote State ! South Dakota has around 30 official state symbols. They include some of America’s strangest symbols. (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans Nicknames The Mount Rushmore State ,...

South Dakota: Symbols of State

Motto Under God the People Rule 1885 Song Hail, South Dakota 1943

South Dakota State Flower

South Dakota shares its state flower, the pasque flower (or pasqueflower) with Manitoba, Canada.

South Dakota State Tree

(License, Photo on Left: By dmcdevit - Trees, CC BY-SA 2.0 ) In the far north, it’s called a white spruce, but South Dakotans call their state tree the Black Hills spruce.

South Dakota State Grass

South Dakota shares its state grass, western wheatgrass, with neighboring North Dakota and Wyoming. The state flag proposal pictured above represents South Dakota’s vast open spaces, wheat fields, and the enormous herds of bison that once roamed t...

South Dakota State Bird

While most of its neighbors adopted that popular prairie songster, the western meadowlark, South Dakota embraced an Asian import, the ring-necked pheasant. With its colorful plumage and long, tapering tail, the ring-neck is one of the most beautiful...

South Dakota State Mammal

The nickname Coyote State was inspired by a horse that won a race at a frontier fort in 1863. An observer allegedly noted that the horse was as fast as a coyote. According to some sources, he shouted, “Look at that coyote run! The coyote was adopted a...

South Dakota State Fish

The lowly bullhead (right) is far more familiar to most South Dakotans than the walleye. What would an invisible fishing museum be without a state fish? South Dakota’s state fish is the walleye, which also represents Minnesota and Vermont. Believe i...

South Dakota State Insect

Two amazing insects: The white-lined sphinx moth (left) and bush cicada. (White-lined sphinx moth: By Didier Descouens - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0 -- link . Note: I modified the background on this image. Bush cicada: By Yakkam255 - Own work, CC BY-SA...

South Dakota Earth Symbols

Fairburn agate, gold bison skull, and rose quartz crystal. South Dakota’s earth symbols are concentrated in the western portion of the state. Earth Symbols Mineral Stone rose quartz 1966 Gemstone Fairburn agate 1966 Jewelry ...

South Dakota State Fossil

South Dakota’s state fossil is the popular dinosaur Triceratops. Learn more about it at South Dakota earth symbols .

South Dakota Cultural Symbols

South Dakota’s roster of 11 official cultural symbols includes a few novel designations mixed in with the usual stinkers. Cultural Symbols   Bread fry bread 2005 ...

Tennessee State Symbols

Welcome to the Volunteer State ! Brace yourself: Tennessee has more state symbols than any other state except Texas—and Tennessee is far smaller than Texas. Unlike Texas, Tennessee is landlocked, so it doesn’t have any symbols of the sea. (Co...

Tennessee: Symbols of State

Motto Agriculture and Commerce 1987 Song My Homeland, Tennessee 1925

Tennessee State Flower

With more state symbols than any state but Texas, it’s no big surprise that Tennessee has three official flowers. The original state flower is the iris, which is now the official “cultivated flower.” The passion flower (below left) and Tennessee conef...

Tennessee State Tree

Tennessee shares its state tree, the popular tulip tree or tulip polar, with Indiana and Tennessee. However, Tennessee has two more official trees. The eastern red cedar (below left) is the official evergreen tree, while the showy yellowwood (right)...

Tennessee State Fruit

Tennessee’s state fruit is the tomato. Arkansas, Louisiana, and Ohio also call the tomato their official fruit or vegetable.

Tennessee State Bird

While its neighbors embraced the popular cardinal, Tennessee showed its allegiance to the South by adopting the mockingbird. Tennessee also has an official game bird, the equally popular bobwhite.

Tennessee State Mammal

Tennessee’s official state mammal is the Tennessee walking horse, while the raccoon was designated the official wild animal. The raccoon is popularly associated with Davy Crockett, who probably rivals Andrew Jackson as the most famous Tennessean o...

Tennessee State Reptile & Amphibian

Tennessee’s state reptile is the popular eastern box turtle. More unique is the official amphibian, the Tennessee cave salamander. This secretive symbol might be thought of as complementing Tennessee’s state insect, the firefly. Its typical habitat—limestone caves...

Tennessee State Fish

The largemouth bass was Tennessee’s official sport fish until it was replaced by the smallmouth bass. The popular channel catfish is the official commercial fish.

Tennessee State Insect

(Firefly Terry Priest, CC BY 2.0 -- link .) Tennessee has four state insects. Naturally, they include the introduced honeybee. However, the honeybee was designated the official agricultural insect. The ladybug and firefly are both state insects....

Tennessee Earth Symbols

Tennessee’s official gem is a bit of a surprise: the Tennessee pearl. However, the state rock is just what you’d expect, limestone. Earth Symbols Gem Tennessee pearl (Unionoida ) 1979 Rock limestone 1979 Mineral a...

Tennessee State Fossil

Tennessee adopted two fossils as state symbols, limestone and an ancient marine creature with the scientific name Pterotrigonia thoracica . Learn more about them at Tennessee earth symbols .

Tennessee Cultural Symbols

Tennessee has nearly 50 official cultural symbols, some of which are explored under symbols of the arts and political symbols . If you’re looking for additional information, you can check out my books. Cultural Symbols ...

Tennessee Symbols of the Arts

More than half of Tennessee’s official cultural symbols are symbols of the arts, and half of its symbols of the arts are songs. Not surprisingly, it is the only state to designate songwriting the official state art form. Art Form ...

Tennessee Political Symbols

Abandon all hope ye who enter here. If you thought the Carolinas’ official military academies are sleazy, wait until you check out Tennessee’s roster of political symbols. Rifle Barrett Model M82/M107 2016 ...

Texas State Symbols

Welcome to the Lone Star State ! Texas has more official state symbols than any other state. That isn’t terribly surprising considering that Texas is the second biggest state and is also very diverse. Still, we’re talking about nearly 80 sym...

Texas: Symbols of State

Motto Friendship 1930 Song Texas, Our Texas 1929

Texas State Flower

One of the most revered state flowers is the Texas bluebonnet. Texas also has an official water lily, appropriately named Texas Dawn (below).

Texas State Tree

(Pecan Pie License: By joefoodie , CC BY 2.0 Note: I cropped the image.) Texas’ state tree is the pecan. Can you guess what Texas’ official pie is?

Texas State Grass

Texas’ state grass is sideoats grama.

Texas State Fruit

Texas’ menagerie of symbols never seems to quit. Its state fruit and vegetable are the Texas red grapefruit and sweet onion. The jalapeño pepper and chiltepin are the official pepper and native pepper. Finally, the pecan is Texas’ official heal...

More Texas Plant Symbols

If you thought two state flowers, a state tree and grass, and enough official edible plants to feed an army were enough to satisfy Texans, you were wrong. While Arizona calls the blossom of the saguaro its state flower, Texas is the only state...

Texas State Bird

The mockingbird ranks with the largemouth bass, alligator, and magnolia as one of the most popular symbols of the South. The first states to adopt it were Florida and Texas, both of which made their choice in 1927. One might expect a state with...

Texas State Mammal

When asked to vote for a state mammal, Texas school children were torn between the armadillo and the longhorn. In a compromise, the longhorn was declared the official large mammal, while the armadillo became the official small mammal. The nine-banded...

Texas State Reptile & Amphibian

Texas has two official reptiles and a state amphibian. Kemp’s ridley sea turtle was designated the official sea turtle, while the official amphibian is the aptly named Texas toad. However, the boss of the ranch is the state reptile, the legendary T...

Texas State Fish

Texas’ state fish is the Guadalupe bass (above). The red drum is the official saltwater fish.

Texas State Insect

Texas has two official insects. The western honeybee is the official pollinator. However, the boss of the ranch is the monarch butterfly. Other states have adopted the popular monarch butterfly, but Texas is arguably the #1 monarch state. You see,...

Texas State Shell and Crustacean

The lightning whelk and Texas gulf shrimp were adopted as Texas’ official state shell and crustacean.

Texas State Mushroom

Texas is one of five states with an official mushroom. It isn’t hard to guess why the Lone Star State chose the star mushroom, which complements the state flag and the official gem stone cut.

Texas Earth Symbols

A juvenile Sauroposeidon strolls past the Alamo, framed by topaz, fossil palmwood, and a silver belt buckle. One cannot be an authentic Texan without a silver belt buckle and some dirt (preferably Houston Black soil) on your boots. Earth Symbols...

Texas State Fossil

Texas has two official fossils, petrified palmwood and the dinosaur Paluxysaurus jonesi . Learn more about them at Texas earth symbols .

Texas Cultural Symbols

With more state symbols than any other state, it’s hardly surprising that Texas should also lead in official cultural symbols, with about 47, just ahead of Tennessee. A brief overview is offered on this page as well as symbols of the arts and political s...

Texas Symbols of the Arts

Texas has nearly a dozen official state symbols that might be considered symbols of the arts. Flower Song Bluebonnets 1933 Music western swing 2011 Musical...

Texas Political Symbols

Texas has some odious political symbols. Yet those bombastic Texas rednecks showed surprising restraint compared to the Carolinas, Tennessee, and maybe even liberal Massachusetts. Ship U.S.S. Texas 1995 ...

Utah State Symbols

Welcome to the Beehive State ! Utahns have done a wonderful job of adopting some very distinctive and sometimes quirky symbols, from the beautiful quaking aspen to Jell-O to a distant star. (Continued below ) Nicknames...

Utah: Symbols of State

Motto Industry 1959 Song Utah, This is the Place 2003

Utah State Flower

Utah’s state flower is the Sego lily. It is depicted on the state seal, which is in turn featured on the state flag. Unfortunately, Utah’s flag is a little amateurish, but it looks like a new flag will probably be adopted in 2022. Sego lilies hav...

Utah State Tree

Utah’s state tree is the beautiful quaking aspen.

Utah State Grass

Utah shares its state grass, Indian ricegrass, with Nevada.

Utah State Fruit

Only Utah calls the cherry its state fruit. The Spanish sweet onion is Utah’s official vegetable, while the sugar beet is the official historic vegetable. (Sugar beet By Beet man - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 )

Utah State Bird

Utah is the only state with a state bird named for another state. Equally strange, gulls are normally associated with the sea, while landlocked Utah is one of the most arid states. The story gets even stranger, because Utahns may have adopted the...

Utah State Mammal

Utah’s state animal, the Rocky Mountain elk, recalls its beautiful forested mountains. However, Colorado is represented by the Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep, an even more famous symbol of the mountains. If Utahns are trying to keep up with Colorado, i...

Utah State Reptile

Why Utahns named the Gila monster their state reptile is a bit of a mystery. It is a cool—and potentially lethal—symbol, but Gila monsters occur in just a portion of the state, and they aren’t even common there.

Utah State Fish

The rainbow trout was named Utah’s state fish in 1971. However, the rainbow trout isn’t native to Utah. Today’s Great Salt Lake is but a remnant of Lake Bonneville, which was a huge body of water during the Ice Age. The most popular state fish ...

Utah State Insect

The honeybee is one of the most popular state symbols. It represents 21 states stretching from Maine westward. And it isn’t even a native species! The honeybee thus ranks with milk, the square dance, and English as one of the most senseless state s...

Utah State Crustacean

Porcini mushroom (left) and brine shrimp. Utahns aren’t afraid to get off the beaten path when searching for creatures to promote as symbols. In fact, Utahns adopted a couple oddballs in 2023. Utah became the first landlocked state to adopt an o...

Utah State Mushroom

In 2023, Utah became one of five states with an official fungus, adopting the porcini mushroom as its state mushroom. While many mushrooms are edible, we might not be able to survive without porcinis. In Utah, the porcini mushroom can be found...

Utah Earth Symbols

Left to right: copper, topaz, honeycomb calcite, and coal. Utah has beautiful forested, snow-covered mountains. However, it is best known for its fabulous rock formations, fossils, and mineral resources. Earth Symbols Mineral copper 1994...

Utah State Fossil

Utah’s symbols include three fossils, coal and the dinosaurs Allosaurus and Utahraptor . Learn more about them at Utah earth symbols .

Utah Cultural Symbols

Utah’s roster of 11 official cultural symbols are amazingly diverse. Some are explored under symbols of the arts and political symbols . Cultural Symbols   Snack Food Jell-O 2001 ...

Utah Symbols of the Arts

Utah has four official symbols of the arts, and boy are they polar opposites. Hymn Utah, We Love Thee 2003 Folk Dance square dance 1994 Work of Land Art ...

Utah Political Symbols

Designating English the official language is hardly a headline-making event. Lots of states have adopted that stinky symbol. Language English 2000 Firearm John M. Browning designed M1911...

Vermont State Symbols

Welcome to the Green Mountain State ! What stories do its symbols have to tell us? (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slogans Nicknames The Green Mountain State   Symbols of State Motto...

Vermont State Fruit

The apple is Vermont’s state fruit, while the Gilfeather turnip is the official vegetable.

Vermont: Symbols of State

Motto Freedom and Unity Latin Motto Stella quarta decima fulgeat 2015 Song These Green Mountains 2000

Vermont State Flower

Vermont’s state flower is the red clover.

Vermont State Tree

Vermont shares its state tree, the sugar maple, with New York, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. The tree’s spectacular fall foliage and maple syrup (maple was designated Vermont’s official flavor) make it a hard act to follow. However, conifers are...

Vermont State Bird

Only Vermont calls the hermit thrush its state bird.

Vermont State Mammal

Vermont has two official mammals, both of them domestic. It shares the Morgan horse with neighboring Massachusetts. This famous breed is named for a school teacher named Justin Morgan, who moved from Massachusetts to Vermont. The Morgan horse isn’t a...

Vermont State Reptile & Amphibian

If you think Vermont is too far north for cold-blooded land animals to survive, guess again. The painted turtle and northern leopard frog are the official reptile and amphibian.

Vermont State Fish

Brook trout (left) and walleye. Vermont has two state fishes. The brook trout is the official cold water fish, while the walleye is the official warm water fish. If Vermonters consider the waters walleyes live in warm, then they must be hardy indeed....

Vermont State Insect

(Tri-colored bumblebee: By Calyponte - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 -- link .) Vermont has two official insects, neither one terribly unique. Vermont’s state insect, the honeybee, represents too many states to represent any state (except perhaps Utah). V...

Vermont Earth Symbols

Left to right: talc, Prosperity and Abundance (carved out of Vermont white granite) and grossular garnet. Tiny Vermont may have gone overboard with its earth symbols. There are eight of them, including three rocks and two fossils. Earth Symbols...

Vermont State Fossil

Vermont has two state fossils, the woolly mammoth and beluga. Learn more about them at Vermont earth symbols .

Vermont Cultural Symbols

Vermont’s official cultural symbols are as wholesome as they are distinctive. Cultural Symbols   Pie apple pie 1999 Flavor maple 1993 ...

Virginia State Symbols

Welcome to one of the few states that have no really cool nicknames. Mother of pResidents —is that something to be proud of? Fortunately, Virginia has some cool symbols to distract us from the wretched leaders it has spawned . . . (Continued b...

Virginia: Symbols of State

Motto Sic Semper Tyrannis Song Carry Me Back to Old Virginia 1997

Virginia State Flower

(The flag proposal is a derivative of a design created by Preston Knap , CC BY 3.0 ) Virginia shares its state flower, the dogwood, with North Carolina. Stylized dogwood blossoms are a popular icon on Virginia state flag proposals, similar to the...

Virginia State Tree

(The flag proposal is a derivative of a design created by Preston Knap , CC BY 3.0 ) Virginia shares its state tree, the dogwood, with Missouri and New Jersey. However, Virginia also calls the dogwood its state flower. Stylized dogwood blossoms...

Virginia State Bird

The cardinal is the most popular state bird, representing seven states. The bird has been called the “Virginia red bird,” boosting the state’s claim to its feathered ambassador. The cardinal’s bright red colors also complement the red heart associa...

Virginia State Mammal

The Virginia big-eared bat is Virginia’s official state bat. The only other states represented by bats are Oklahoma and Texas. Virginia also has an official dog, the Virginia foxhound. In 2023, the world famous Chincoteague ponies were designated V...

Virginia State Reptile & Amphibian

Virginia is among the states with an official reptile and amphibian, the eastern garter snake and northern red salamander.

Virginia State Fish

Brook trout (top) and striped bass. Like several other Eastern states, Virginia calls the brook trout its state fish, the striped bass its official marine fish.

Virginia State Insect

Virginia’s state insect is the tiger swallowtail.

Virginia State Shell

Every state with an official marine fish should have a state shell. Virginia shares the oyster with Connecticut and Mississippi. Virginia’s symbols also include a prehistoric scallop .

Virginia Earth Symbols

Chesapecten jeffersonius (left) and Nelsonite. (Rock (Nelsonite): By Astynax - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0 -- link .) In a sense, Virginia has two official shells. Its official fossil is a prehistoric scallop named Chesapecten jeffersonius in honor...

Virginia State Fossil

Virginia’s state fossil is a prehistoric scallop named Chesapecten jeffersonius . Learn more about it at Virginia earth symbols .

Virginia Cultural Symbols

Virginia has about 21 official cultural symbols. Some are explored under symbols of the arts and political symbols . Cultural Symbols   Boat Chesapeake Bay Deadrise 1988 ...

Virginia Symbols of the Arts

Virginia has eight official symbols of the arts, some of which might merit a closer look. I confess I’m not intimately familiar with them. Song (Popular) “Sweet Virginia Breeze,” by Robbin Thompson and Steve Bassett ...

Virginia Political Symbols

Virginia scores lower than most states in the realm of political symbols. Freedom Flag 2018 War Memorial Museum Virginia War Museum, Newport News 1997 Flag...

Washington State Symbols

Welcome to the Evergreen State ! Washington’s state symbols appear to embrace two themes, George Washington and the Pacific Northwest. The state is named for George Washington, who is depicted on the state flag and seal. Washington also h...

Washington: Symbols of State

Motto Alki 1893 Song Washington, My Home 1959

Washington State Flower

(By Walter Siegmund (talk) - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 ) Washington’s state flower is the coast rhododendron. Like the state tree, it’s a fitting symbol of Western Washington.

Washington State Tree

(License: By Alex O'Neal - View of Rainier , CC BY-SA 2.0 ) After Oregon adopted the Douglas fir, Washington settled for the western hemlock, which is still a pretty impressive tree. On the Washington State flag proposal pictured above, forests...

Washington State Grass

Washington shares its state grass, bluebunch wheatgrass, with Montana. On the Washington state flag proposal pictured above, yellow represents Eastern Washington, with its vast grasslands and wheat fields.

Washington State Fruit

While several states call the apple their state fruit, few produce more apples than Washington. The Walla Walla sweet onion is the state’s official vegetable. There’s a fly in the ointment, however—a fly named Bill Gates. Gates virtually owns ...

Washington State Bird

The only state bird representing states on both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, the eastern goldfinch was adopted by Washington, New Jersey, and Iowa. (Washington’s legislation calls it a “willow goldfinch.”) Long before the goldfinch was adopt...

Washington State Mammal

Washingtonians had a hard time choosing a state animal. Candidates mentioned over the years include the Roosevelt elk, mountain beaver, and a giant clam called the geoduck. In 2009, the Olympic marmot was named the official endemic mammal. That means...

Washington State Amphibian

Washington’s official state amphibian is the Pacific chorus frog. The rubber boa has been suggested as a candidate for state reptile.

West Virginia State Reptile & Amphibian

West Virginians chose the timber rattlesnake as their state reptile. The state amphibian is the northern red salamander, shared only with neighboring Virginia.

Washington State Fish

Washington’s state fish is the spectacular steelhead. Steelhead are rainbow trout that have migrated to sea. Fishermen pursue them when they return to rivers to spawn.

Washington State Insect

Washington’s state insect is the green darner dragonfly. The only other state represented by a dragonfly is Alaska.

Washington State Shell

Note: This site will be under heavy construction until at least the end of June, 2022. Right now, the only state that is finished is Alabama . My next goal is to finish the Symbols of State pages for all 50 states, followed by all the state bird pages,...

Washington Earth Symbols

Washington is among the few states that don’t have an official mineral or rock. However, it calls petrified wood its state gem. The state’s most famous fossilized wood is found in Ginkgo Petrified Forest State Park, located near the center of the...

Washington State Fossil

Washington has adopted three fossils as state symbols, petrified wood, the Columbian mammoth, and the dinosaur Suciasaurus rex . Learn more about them at Washington earth symbols .

Washington Cultural Symbols

Washington’s official cultural symbols are about as inspirational as the homeless people that have come to define the state’s de facto capital, Seattle. Cultural Symbols   Ship President Was...

West Virginia State Symbols

Welcome to the Mountain State ! Like so many Eastern states, West Virginia is represented by the ever popular sugar maple , cardinal , and brook trout . More unique are West Virginia’s official state animal, reptile, and amphibian—the black bea...

West Virginia: Symbols of State

Motto Montani Semper Liberi 1863 Song West Virginia, My Home Sweet Home 1947 Song The West Virginia Hills 1961 Song This Is My West Virginia 1963 Song Take Me Home Country Roads 2014 ...

West Virginia State Flower

West Virginia’s state flower is a type of rhododendron known as big laurel. Another rhododendron represents Washington, on the other side of the country.

West Virginia State Tree

West Virginia shares its state tree, the sugar maple, with New York, Vermont, and Wisconsin. Few states are better known for their spectacular fall foliage than West Virginia, and the sugar maple is a big part of the show. A sugar maple leaf...

West Virginia State Fruit

The Golden Delicious apple is West Virginia’s official state fruit. A Golden Delicious could replace the maple leaf on the West Virginia flag proposal pictured above.

West Virginia State Bird

Cardinal (left) and Tufted Titmouse The cardinal is the most popular state bird, representing seven states. The tufted titmouse was an early favorite in West Virginia. However, the cardinal’s bright plumage complements the spectacular fall colors W...

West Virginia State Mammal

West Virginia shares its state animal, the black bear, with states as far away as Louisiana and New Mexico. Taken together, however, these symbols paint a picture of the state most closely associated with Appalachia.

West Virginia State Fish

West Virginia’s state fish is the popular brook trout.

West Virginia State Insect

West Virginia has two official insects. It shares the honeybee with far too many other states. And it isn’t even a native species! West Virginians also named the monarch butterfly the official butterfly. It’s a better choice, but it still doesn’t say m...

West Virginia Earth Symbols

One symbol that towers over all the others is West Virginia’s state rock, bituminous coal. Coal is a rock formed from the remains of prehistoric plants. That makes it a very educational symbol. Sadly, coal mining has destroyed vast areas in the A...

West Virginia State Fossil

West Virginia has adopted three fossils as state symbols, bituminous coal, fossil coral, and the giant ground sloth Megalonyx jeffersonii . Learn more about them at West Virginia earth symbols .

West Virginia Cultural Symbols

West Virginia is a beautiful place, but most of its official cultural symbols are a little lame, in my opinion. Cultural Symbols   Colors Old gold and blue 1963 ...

Wisconsin State Symbols

Welcome to the Badger State ! Can you guess what Wisconsin’s state animal is? The official domestic animal is the dairy cow , a reminder of another popular nickname, America’s Dairyland . (Continued below ) Nicknames & Slo...

Wisconsin: Symbols of State

Motto Forward 1851 Song On, Wisconsin 1959

Wisconsin State Flower

Wisconsin shares its state flower, the common blue violet, with New Jersey and Wisconsin.

Wisconsin State Tree

Wisconsin shares its state tree, the sugar maple, with New York, Vermont, and West Virginia. The tree’s spectacular fall foliage and maple syrup make it a hard act to follow.

Wisconsin State Fruit

Wisconsin calls corn its official grain, the cranberry its official fruit.

Wisconsin State Bird

Wisconsin shares the robin with neighboring Michigan as well as Connecticut. More unique is Wisconsin’s official symbol of peace, the mourning dove. It’s a far more wholesome symbol than the bombers, rifles, and military academies that represent som...

Wisconsin State Mammal

Wisconsin’s state symbols revolve around two main themes, mining and agriculture. These themes inspired the nicknames Badger State and America’s Dairyland . Mining can be seen as a symbol of the past, while agriculture represents Wisconsin today. But...

Wisconsin State Fish

Wisconsin’s state fish is the muskellunge. One of the largest freshwater species adopted as a state fish, it is considered a trophy fish by anglers.

Wisconsin State Insect

Milk and the honeybee are among the most redundant state symbols. Wisconsin’s legendary dairy industry makes milk a fitting symbol for this state. However, the honeybee similarly best represents Utah, the Beehive State . Wisconsinites have made a...

Wisconsin Earth Symbols

Left to right: Galena (lead), red granite, and the trilobite Calymene clavicula , which is closely related to Wisconsin’s state fossil. (License ) Early Wisconsin miners were called badgers because they spent so much time digging in the earth. M...

Wisconsin State Fossil

Wisconsin’s state fossil is the trilobite Calymene celebra . Learn more about it at Wisconsin earth symbols .

Wisconsin Cultural Symbols

Wisconsin’s official culural symbols are surprisingly cool. Cultural Symbols   Pastry kringle 2013 Dairy Food cheese 2017 ...

Wyoming State Symbols

Welcome to the Cowboy State ! Wyoming and Texas are both closely associated with cowboys. Both states call rodeo their official state sport. However, Wyoming is nicknamed the Cowboy State , and it backs it up with a familiar trademarked image...

Wyoming: Symbols of State

Motto Equal Rights 1955 Song Wyoming 1955

Wyoming State Flower

Wyoming’s state flower is the Indian paintbrush.

Wyoming State Tree

Wyoming is one of three states (including Kansas and Nebraska) that adopted the cottonwood, which rivals the bison and meadowlark as the most popular state symbol in the Great Plains region.

Wyoming State Grass

Wyoming shares its state grass, western wheatgrass, with the Dakotas. Wyoming also has an official state shrub, Wyoming big sagebrush (below). Note the bolt of lightning on the far left. Wyoming’s vast grasslands and sagebrush flats support m...

Wyoming State Bird

The western meadowlark ranks with the bison and cottonwood as one of the most popular icons of the Great Plains. The first of six states to adopt the meadowlark were Nebraska, Oregon, and Wyoming, which made their designations in 1927. Wyoming’s s...

Wyoming State Mammal

The most popular state symbols in the Great Plains are the cottonwood, western meadowlark, and bison. Wyoming is the only state besides Kansas that adopted all three. In fact, the most famous bison in America may be the white buffalo on Wyoming’s f...

Wyoming State Reptile & Amphibian

Wyoming’s official reptile is a lizard popularly called a horned toad. The state amphibian is the blotched tiger salamander.

Wyoming State Fish

Wyoming’s state fish is a Western favorite, the cutthroat trout.

Wyoming State Insect

(Green hairstreak: By Own work, from Sharp Photography, sharpphotography, CC BY-SA 4.0 -- link . Note: I altered most of the background.) Wyoming is one of the few states that has not adopted the honeybee, milk, or the square dance, among the most...

Wyoming Earth Symbols

Wyoming’s official gemstone is jade, or nephrite. The discovery of nephrite jade in Wyoming in the 1930s sparked a “jade rush” that lasted for several decades. Jade is also a symbol of Alaska. Fossil ˆ Triceratops (left) vanished about 15 mil...

Wyoming State Fossil

Wyoming has two state fossils, a prehistoric herring named Knightia and the more familiar dinosaur Triceratops. Learn more about them at Wyoming earth symbols .

Wyoming Cultural Symbols

Throw that official language in the trash, where it belongs, and Wyoming’s official cultural symbols kick some serious buffalo butt. Cultural Symbols   Registered Trademark bucking horse a...

South American Symbols

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Latin American Symbols

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Pacific Ocean Symbols

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Australia Symbols

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Atlantic Ocean Symbols

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Indian Ocean Symbols

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United States Symbols of State EcoSymbols ...